Statistical Data and Media Representations
This book examines homicide-suicides in a post-communist country in South-East Europe. It presents results regarding risk factors and particularities of homicide-suicides in Romania committed in the period 2002–2013.
The author analyses statistical data from legal records, police registers, and online newspapers discussing the way in which the victims and aggressors of homicide-suicides are represented. She completed the data by investigating six penitentiaries in Romania regarding the risk factors specific to various types of homicide-suicide: intimate partner femicide-suicides, familicide-suicides, filicide-suicides and homicide-suicides committed by police officers.
3. Intimate Femicide – Suicides. A Comparative Analysis of Eastern and Western European Countries
The results of research regarding homicide-suicides in Europe showed that intimate partner homicide-suicides represent more than 50 per cent of the total (Balica and Stöckl 2016, Liem and Oberwittler 2012, Panczak et al. 2013, Gregory 2012, Pereira et al. 2010, Mathews et al. 2008). In some European countries, such as Spain, intimate partner homicide-suicides represent 80 per cent of homicide-suicides (Liem and Oberwittler 2012). Almost all victims of intimate partner homicide-suicides were women (Balica and Stöckl 2016, Panczak et al. 2013). The comparative analysis of data regarding homicide-suicides in seven European countries (1990–2005) made during the project European Homicide-Suicide Study (EHSS) showed that most perpetrators of intimate partner homicide-suicides were men (Liem and Oberwittler 2012). According to the EHSS, all intimate partner homicide-suicides were committed by men in Finland, while only 6 per cent of offenders were women in Switzerland (Id. 207). The research that I made in Romania for the period 2002–2013, showed that intimate partner homicide-suicides are approximately 70 per cent of homicide-suicides. All victims of intimate partner homicide-suicides identified in Romania for the analyzed period were women. This is why I decided to focus my attention on intimate partner femicide-suicides in Romania. Due to the fact that I wanted to identify the particularities of intimate partner femicide-suicides in Romania, I tried to approach this type of violence from a comparative perspective and to bring to discussion the results of research from other European countries.
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