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Homicide-Suicides in Romania

Statistical Data and Media Representations

Ecaterina Balica

This book examines homicide-suicides in a post-communist country in South-East Europe. It presents results regarding risk factors and particularities of homicide-suicides in Romania committed in the period 2002–2013.

The author analyses statistical data from legal records, police registers, and online newspapers discussing the way in which the victims and aggressors of homicide-suicides are represented. She completed the data by investigating six penitentiaries in Romania regarding the risk factors specific to various types of homicide-suicide: intimate partner femicide-suicides, familicide-suicides, filicide-suicides and homicide-suicides committed by police officers.

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4. Filicide-Suicides and Familicide-Suicides

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Filicide-suicides and familicide-suicides represent two types of homicide-suicide which researchers discussed every time they knew they could mention new elements. However, the number of studies regarding these two types of violence was quite small in the European space. The situation is explained through the reduced number of studies regarding homicide-suicides in Europe. In this context, although I identified a small number of filicide-suicides and familicide-suicides in Romania, I tried to bring into the discussion some elements regarding these two types of homicide-suicide. The present chapter is structured in two subchapters. The first subchapter will present the results of the analysis regarding paternal filicide-suicides and maternal filicide-suicides. The second subchapter will present information regarding familicide-suicides committed in Romania.

Filicide-suicides

In the specialty literature different terms were used in order to refer to murders that had children as victims. Some researchers used the term “child homicide” in order to name “the intentional killing of a child or infant” (Debowska et al. 2015: 1). The term “filicide” was used in order to refer to the killing of a child older than 24 hours (Resnik 1969). Some authors used filicide to term the killing of a child not older than 18 (West and Friedman 2007, Dixon et al. 2014) and other authors used filicide without mentioning limits for the age period (Mariano et al. 2014, Bourget and Gagne 2005). The situation was similar in the case of filicide-suicides. Some researchers defined filicide-suicide as being the homicide committed by...

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