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Dire la crise : mots, textes, discours / Dire la crisi: parole, testi, discorsi / Decir la crisis: palabras, textos, discursos

Approches linguistiques à la notion de crise / Approcci linguistici al concetto di crisi / Enfoques lingüísticos sobre el concepto de crisis

Edited By Daniela Pietrini and Kathrin Wenz

En considérant la « crise » comme une notion discursive, ce volume se propose de reconstruire sa conceptualisation du point de vue de sa mise en langage. Les auteurs explorent les différentes façons de raconter la crise économique avec son lexique (européismes, néologismes, phraséologismes), les métaphores, les topoï discursifs et les stratégies d’euphémisation et d’interdiction linguistique, tout en mettant en relation la construction linguistique de la crise avec les contextes extralinguistiques propres aux pays concernés.

Partendo dalla considerazione della crisi come nozione discorsiva, questo volume si propone di ricostruirne la concettualizzazione in ambito romanzo dal punto di vista della sua costruzione linguistica. Gli autori esplorano i vari modi di raccontare la crisi economica con il suo lessico (europeismi, neologismi, fraseologismi), le metafore, i topoi discorsivi e le strategie eufemistiche e di interdizione linguistica, mettendo in relazione la costruzione linguistica della crisi con i rispettivi contesti extralinguistici.

Teniendo en cuenta la "crisis" como un concepto discursivo, este volumen se propone reconstruir su conceptualización desde la perspectiva de su lenguaje. Los autores exploran el fenómeno mediante el léxico (europeísmos, neologismos), las metáforas, los topoi discursivos y varias estrategias eufemísticas. Así se pone en relación la construcción lingüística de la crisis económica con los contextos extralingüísticos específicos de cada país analizado.

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Anamaria Gebăilă - Tra “argomenti economici di sostanza” e “una polvere di parvenza di stabilità”: le metafore di sostanza nei discorsi sulla crisi economica

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Anamaria GEBĂILĂ

Tra “argomenti economici di sostanza” e “una polvere di parvenza di stabilità”: le metafore di sostanza nei discorsi sulla crisi economica

Abstract: Given the fundamental role that metaphor plays in political and economic discourse, many studies have chosen this subject in order to illustrate the construction of figurative speech and its pragmatic effects on the listener. The purpose of this paper is to apply cognitive structures like the image schemas by analysing substance metaphors, considered by Lakoff and Johnson a subtype of ontological metaphors, in speeches made by politicians on the subject of the most recent economic crisis. The corpora are based on the discourses of the French, Italian and Romanian Prime Ministers in the interval that corresponds to the end of the crisis, meaning between 2011 and the beginning of 2013. The study shows how three types of metaphors are found: “dead” metaphors, without any influence on pragmatics, conventional metaphors, some from common language and others from the subfield of economics, easy to interpret but still perceived as figurative language, and new metaphors integrated in a pragmatic strategy to shift the hearer’s attention from the content of the speech to its expressive level.

1. Introduzione

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