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Dire la crise : mots, textes, discours / Dire la crisi: parole, testi, discorsi / Decir la crisis: palabras, textos, discursos

Approches linguistiques à la notion de crise / Approcci linguistici al concetto di crisi / Enfoques lingüísticos sobre el concepto de crisis

Daniela Pietrini and Kathrin Wenz

En considérant la « crise » comme une notion discursive, ce volume se propose de reconstruire sa conceptualisation du point de vue de sa mise en langage. Les auteurs explorent les différentes façons de raconter la crise économique avec son lexique (européismes, néologismes, phraséologismes), les métaphores, les topoï discursifs et les stratégies d’euphémisation et d’interdiction linguistique, tout en mettant en relation la construction linguistique de la crise avec les contextes extralinguistiques propres aux pays concernés.

Partendo dalla considerazione della crisi come nozione discorsiva, questo volume si propone di ricostruirne la concettualizzazione in ambito romanzo dal punto di vista della sua costruzione linguistica. Gli autori esplorano i vari modi di raccontare la crisi economica con il suo lessico (europeismi, neologismi, fraseologismi), le metafore, i topoi discorsivi e le strategie eufemistiche e di interdizione linguistica, mettendo in relazione la costruzione linguistica della crisi con i rispettivi contesti extralinguistici.

Teniendo en cuenta la "crisis" como un concepto discursivo, este volumen se propone reconstruir su conceptualización desde la perspectiva de su lenguaje. Los autores exploran el fenómeno mediante el léxico (europeísmos, neologismos), las metáforas, los topoi discursivos y varias estrategias eufemísticas. Así se pone en relación la construcción lingüística de la crisis económica con los contextos extralingüísticos específicos de cada país analizado.

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Fiorenza Fischer - Inflazione negativa, disinflazione ovvero prezzi diversamente alti. Perché viene evitato il termine “deflazione”? Eufemismi e disfemismi in tempi di crisi dell’euro

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Fiorenza FISCHER

Inflazione negativa, disinflazione ovvero prezzi diversamente alti. Perché viene evitato il termine “deflazione”? Eufemismi e disfemismi in tempi di crisi dell’euro

Abstract: This paper starts from the observation that in 2014 the pertinent word “deflation” seems rarely to be used in economic press articles dealing with strong falling prices. The analysis of 220 published articles from Italian and German specialized press shows the phenomena of interdiction and avoidance of the pertinent word and allows finding out which substitution modules are used instead. Examples of this avoiding strategy are terms like the oxymoron “negative inflation” (similar to “negative growth”) or word formation techniques like abbreviation, calling deflation “D-word”, reducing words which one wants to avoid to their initial letter. In the language of economic information, the euphemistic strategy can serve two different functions: to “veil” or to “conceal”. The first one allows avoiding expressions which are offensive or have a negative meaning in the speech community. The concealing function occurs when euphemisms are used intentionally by a speaker in order to influence the behavior of the hearer. In 2014, in the time of economic crisis, speaking out too frankly would have caused damage to the economy by provoking undesirable reactions. If the governor of the central bank avoids pronouncing the word deflation, it is because he might provoke or strengthen expectations in this sense and thereby really contribute to its coming about, in the form of a self-fulfilling prophecy.

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