The Rise and Fall of the Aramaeans in the Ancient Near East, from Their First Appearance until 732 BCE
New Studies on Aram and Israel
In the early nineties, after Reinholds first publication »Die Beziehungen Altisraels zu den aramäischen Staaten in der israelitisch-judäischen Königszeit« an archaeological find came to light with the broken pieces of the early Aramaic written Têl Dan Stela, which has greatly illuminated the portrait of Aram and ancient history of Israel. The author offers a renewed overview to the Aramaean history on the foundation of the forced researches in the last 50 years. This begins with the early testifying of Aram in cuneiform sources of the 3rd/2nd Mill. B.C. from the Mesopotamian and Syrian area and ends with the decline of Aram-Damascus. The Volume incorporates a revised edition of the researches history and two excurses about the newest palaeographic results to the second line of the Bar-Hadad Stela of Aleppo in Syria on the base of precision photographs and computer-enhancements and presents a new transcription and translation of the Têl Dan Stela fragments. These are a certain basis to build on the royal line of sucession in Aram-Damascus and to illuminate their historical background in the Ancient Near East. Reinhold emphasizes, that the results of archaeology could always be adapted or replaced by recent discoveries; but he hopes that the «New Studies on Aram and Israel» will be served as a base for the future research of the Near Eastern Archaeology and History.
Photographic Acknowledgements and Certifications
Cover: The House of David inscribed on a Victory stela, Têl Dan, Israelite per 9th c. BCE, Israel Museum, Jerusalem: Images Resources & Copyright Management, Jerusalem, Israel
Fig. 1: Ivory of a royal ruler, possibly Hazael (?), Arslan Tash (Ḫadatu), Louvre Paris, AO 111488: Agence photographique Reunion de musees nationaux Grand Palais des Champs-Elysees Paris, France, No. 70137511
Fig. 2: Ivory Inscription from Arslan Tash (Ḫadatu), Louvre Paris, AO 11489: Ibid., RMN, Paris, France, No. 00109251
Fig. 3: Stela fragment from TelI Afis (TA 03.A300 from Temple A I), Photography by M. Necci, Afis Expedition archives; Universita degli Studi Firenze, SAGAS Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia Arte spettacolo, Firenze, Italia
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