This book consists of papers presented at the 1st International Symposium of Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language. The Symposium was held at Het Pand Culture and Congress Center of Ghent University in April 2015. It was presented by the Sakarya University Institute of Education Sciences and the Belgium Turkish Associations with the support of the Turkish Language Association and the Yunus Emre Institute.
The Bilingualism of Turkish Families Living in France and The Construction of Identity
Abstract Bilingualism became a social phenomenon for Turkish citizens living in Europe since they immigrated to Germany in the 1960s, then to France in the 1970s and later on to other European countries for economic reasons. Today, this concept keeps its relevance as Turkish families settled in these countries maintain the unity of family from the first generation to the third. The need for labor in Europe and Turkish citizens’ desire to ameliorate their economic conditions increased the immigration rate of workers to Europe from the rural areas of Turkey. Turkish workers, immigrating with their families, have continued to use their mother tongue and to follow their cultural rituals over there. This provided the establishment of social communities based on Turkish culture. Thus, they contributed to the protection of the traditions, mother tongue and culture from generation to generation.
Keywords: Bilingualism, the transmission of Turkish language, Turkish-origin families living in France, the construction of identity
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