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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Is Optimal Immigration Possible? An Analysis of a Southern European Sample (Jaime Gil-Lafuente)

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Jaime Gil-Lafuente1

Is Optimal Immigration Possible? An Analysis of a Southern European Sample

Abstract: Immigration came into existence long before man. The earth’s creatures have striven for survival by seeking out more favourable habitats offering richer sources of foods and a milder climate. Man also wanders across the planet in search of a better tomorrow.

Because of the constant movements of people in most developed countries, bilateral adaptation is fundamental to safeguard the socio-economic and human development of all parties. While seeking to strike the right balance between rationality and morality, the key seems to lie in identifying the actual needs of immigrants choosing the countries that appear most suited to them. This flexibility, combined with hard work and good will, should enable us to approach the future with considerable hope.

Keywords: Optimal immigration, socio-economic development, human development, bilateral adaptation, geopolitics, Southern Europe

Introduction

It is quite evident that immigration is a phenomenon that came into existence long before man. Since time immemorial all the earth’s living creatures have striven for survival by seeking out more favorable habitats that offer richer sources of food and a milder climate. Today is no different and man continues to wander across the planet in search of a better tomorrow.

If we undertake an in-depth analysis of the factors pushing people to emigrate to different countries and even continents, with little intention, or indeed hope, of ever...

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