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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Fostering Innovation and Knowledge Transfer in Renewable Energy: Historical Experiences in Rural Development (Gabriela Black Aguayo / Ignacio De Los Ríos Carmenado / Susana Sastre Merino / Fraunhofer Umsicht)

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Gabriela Black Aguayo; Ignacio De Los Ríos Carmenado; Susana Sastre Merino & Fraunhofer Umsicht1

Fostering Innovation and Knowledge Transfer in Renewable Energy: Historical Experiences in Rural Development

Abstract: Innovation, knowledge and technology transfer (TT) in the area of renewable energy (RE) throughout history have been important tools for rural development (RD). Initially, knowledge transfer and TT have been conceptualized as the purchase or donation of technology and machinery from first world countries, without any consideration of staff training and contextual conditions for the adaptation to the needs of the country. Several researches have revealed the existence of different approaches to planning the TT of RE, demonstrating the high complexity of projects from the social and contextual dimension. This paper addresses the conceptual evolution of the innovation, knowledge and technology transfer in the area of renewable energy (RE), examining experiences in rural development and their different historical periods, considered from three criteria: historical events occurred, the role of stakeholders and changing objectives. The conceptual analysis of changes based on the model Working With People (WWP) which is used for planning and project management of high social complexity in RD. The analysis defines the existence of four historical periods in the TT of RE and synthesizes the lessons of experience from the three dimensions (ethical-social, technical-entrepreneurial, and political-contextual) of the WWP model.

Keywords: Innovation; knowledge transfer; technology transfer; renewable energy; rural development.

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