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Erinnerungskonkurrenz

Geschichtsschreibung in den böhmischen Ländern vom 16. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart

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Joachim Bahlcke

Deutungen historischer Ereignisse unterliegen vielfältigen Modifikationen, Anpassungen und Ausblendungen, die ihrerseits Ausdruck veränderter Machtverhältnisse, Wertvorstellungen oder Legitimationsbedürfnisse sind. Das östliche Mitteleuropa ist in besonderer Weise geeignet, das Neben-, Mit- und Gegeneinander verschiedener Erinnerungsgemeinschaften in den Blick zu nehmen. Die hier vorgelegten Fallstudien zur böhmischen Ländergruppe stellen verschiedene Typen konkurrierender Geschichtsentwürfe vor, die sich religiös-konfessionell, räumlich-regional oder sprachlich-ethnisch motivierten Interessen verdankten. Dabei wird deutlich: Die erinnerungskulturellen Rivalitäten, die bereits in nachhussitischer Zeit einsetzten, prägten den Prozess der neuzeitlichen Staats- und Nationsbildung nachhaltig.

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Discrepancy of memories. Historiography in the Bohemian lands from the sixteenth century to the present (Summary)

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For East-Central Europe, a historical region between the Baltic Sea and the Adriatic linked by common traditions, it is characteristic that memories frequently interweave and national histories overlap to a large extent. Over recent times, a very high number of individual studies, based on theoretical approaches and results from research into memory in the field of Cultural Studies, has emerged about these competing concepts of memory and discrepancies of memories that have resulted from such factors and circumstances. The emergence of discrepancies among memories can be understood, in the broadest sense, as a form of battle over resource allocation, in which individual groups and nations mobilise attention to and awareness of their respective history, which are themselves scarce resources. Historical events, as such, may well be irrevocable; interpretations of these events, however, are subject to multiple modifications, adjustments and adaptations. Thus, they are simultaneously an expression of power structures, of values and the necessity for legitimacy. This is the central issue to be covered in this book.

Since the early nineteenth century, the frontline of the discrepancy between memories has run, first and foremost, between individual nations. It is important to note that even relevant research efforts over recent decades, which have focussed on forms and functions of collective memory, various historical narratives, changes in norms and standards, and disputes over interpretations, even these have arisen to a greater extent within a national sphere of experience. To take the juxtaposition, interconnection and opposition of other communities...

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