The papers collected in this volume explore the major mechanisms, that is derivations and constraints, claimed to be responsible for various aspects of the linguistic systems, their syntax, phonology and morphology. The contributors approach these issues through a detailed analysis of selected phenomena of Modern English, Old English, Polish, Russian, Hungarian and Icelandic, offering novel theoretical and descriptive insights into the working of human language.
Beyond ergative languages – The antipassive construction in Polish (Katarzyna Mroczyńska)
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Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Beyond ergative languages – The antipassive construction in Polish
Abstract: Antipassive, which is considered one of arity operations, consists in erasing the patient-like object of the verb or moving it to an oblique position. The research into antipassive goes back to 1960s and the term itself is credited to Martin Silverstein, who used it in connection with his research on Chinook. For a relatively long time the phenomenon was believed to be limited to ergative languages. However, there are relatively recent voices among linguists that advocate the presence of this structure not only in the ergative but also in the accusative alignment e.g. in Slavonic or Romance languages.
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