This book analyzes events and narratives from the points of view of literature, grammar, discourse, and semantics. The contributors explore the issues related to the ways of portraying stories and their events within a cultural and literary framework. They also examine the role of prefixes in construing events and asymmetries that exist in time-creating event markers from a contrastive perspective. The contributions focus on narrativity as a semantic category, and on how events are described in signed languages. They place the event and narrative categories at the center of interest and their specific goals are pursued by applying different, both qualitative and quantitative, research methods.
Frame Activation as a Form of Meaning Creation in Languages of the Deaf (Krzysztof Kosecki)
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University of Łódź, Poland
Frame Activation as a Form of Meaning Creation in Languages of the Deaf
Abstract: Based on the framework of the second generation cognitive science and linguistics (Lakoff and Johnson 1999: 77–78; Evans and Green 2006), the paper attempts to show how the process of frame activation (Lakoff 1987: 77–90; Taylor 1989: 87–98; Kövecses 2006: 63–79) facilitates the creation of meaning in languages of the deaf. The frames can be activated in three ways: a single sign is used to access a single referent by means of a part of the referent’s frame; a single sign is used to access a number of referents that form a single frame; several sign variants are used to access several referents that form a single frame. Because the articulations often pick out elements related by metonymic contiguity to the target concepts, the selection of central or peripheral parts of the respective frames is motivated by “various principles of relative salience” formulated by Langacker (1993: 30) and elaborated by Radden and Kövecses (1999: 44–54).
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