This book analyzes events and narratives from the points of view of literature, grammar, discourse, and semantics. The contributors explore the issues related to the ways of portraying stories and their events within a cultural and literary framework. They also examine the role of prefixes in construing events and asymmetries that exist in time-creating event markers from a contrastive perspective. The contributions focus on narrativity as a semantic category, and on how events are described in signed languages. They place the event and narrative categories at the center of interest and their specific goals are pursued by applying different, both qualitative and quantitative, research methods.
“I hope you don’t mind me quoting you”: Narrative Reports in the Service of (De)legitimisation (Anna Ewa Wieczorek)
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Anna Ewa Wieczorek
University of Łódź, Poland
“I hope you don’t mind me quoting you”: Narrative Reports in the Service of (De)legitimisation
Abstract: This article aims to propose three categories of sayers (Vandelanotte 2004, 2005), i.e. original speakers whose words are rendered via reported speech frames by the current speaker, employed strategically in political discourse to communicate unity and dissociation, as well as legitimise self and delegitimise other. The approach that has been taken to the analysis of narrative reports, which involve the proposed sayer types, adopts Chilton’s (2004, 2005, 2010, 2014) cognitive approach to Critical Discourse Analysis, as well as selected assumptions made by the Scandinavian Theory of Linguistic Polyphony (the ScaPoLine) (Nølke et al. 2004). The latter treats political discourse as polyphonic in nature, as it “normally relates to alternative points of view, both those of opponents as well as those belonging to an often diversified public audience” (Gjerstad 2007: 61). The phenomenon under analysis here is that of the reported speech, both direct and indirect, which is introduced into short narratives incorporated into presidential speeches. The corpus selected to illustrate individual categories consist of over 80 speeches delivered by two American Democratic Presidents: William Clinton and Barack Obama, during their respective presidential tenures.
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