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Survival of Utopias – Weiterlebende Utopien

Life Reform and Progressive Education in Austria and Hungary – Lebensreform und Reformpädagogik in Österreich und Ungarn


Edited By András Németh, Claudia Stöckl and Beatrix Vincze

Life reform and progressive education developed various utopias and projected new ways of cultural, social, religious and political living. This book studies how these utopias lived on until World War II, how they still affect present life in Austria and Hungary, and it examines continuities and differences within the political, educational and cultural movements of both countries. The main focus lies on interrelations between educational utopias and strategies and the development of a collective identity in times of radical political and social changes.

Lebensreform und Reformpädagogik entwarfen Utopien für das kulturelle, soziale und religiöse Leben. Dieses Buch untersucht das Weiterleben dieser Utopien bis zum Beginn des zweiten Weltkrieges, ihre Wirkungen bis in die Gegenwart in Österreich und Ungarn und beleuchtet Kontinuitäten und Differenzen innerhalb der (bildungs-)politischen und kulturellen Strömungen beider Länder. Im Zentrum steht die Frage nach Zusammenhängen zwischen pädagogischen Utopien und Strategien und den Entwicklungen von kollektiver Identität in Zeiten politischer und gesellschaftlicher Umbrüche und Verunsicherungen.

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Indo-Tibetan influences and Life Reform in Hungary in the Interwar Period (Melinda Irtl Földiné & Lajos Komár)


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Melinda Irtl Földiné & Lajos Komár

Indo-Tibetan influences and Life Reform in Hungary in the Interwar Period

Our study is connected to the research project examining the life reform movements which occurred in Hungary and Austria over several decades, as well as the relationship between life reform and reform pedagogy in Hungary (Skiera 2003; Németh/Mikonya/Skiera 2005; Hopfner/Németh 2008; Németh/Pirka 2013; Németh/Pukánszky/Pirka 2014), and unravelling the interconnections between Indo-Tibetan influences and attempts towards life reform in Hungary in the period between the two world wars. The first part of the present study summarises the general issues relating to life reform and Oriental influences. The second part presents the main eras of scientific research on the Far East, introducing the work of its most significant scientists. The last chapter presents the movements towards life reform which showed up powerful Oriental motifs and Indo-Tibetan ways of thinking. In addition, the present study also summarises how the aforementioned aspects were received in Austria and Germany.

Life Reform Movements and Oriental Influences

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