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Gesundheit & Sprache / Health & Language

Series:

Marietta Calderón Tichy, Reinhard Heuberger and Emil Chamson

Die Beiträge dieses Buches untersuchen die sprachliche Repräsentation von Gesundheit in aktuellen und historischen Ausprägungen. Die Beitragenden wenden zur linguistischen Analyse unterschiedliche Methoden und Zugänge an, wobei die Schwerpunkte auf Interaktionsforschung, Diskursanalyse und Lexikologie liegen. Das untersuchte Datenmaterial stammt aus verschiedenen romanischen und germanischen Sprachen sowie aus dem Altgriechischen.

The contributions of this book focus on the linguistic representation of health in current and historical contexts. Various methods and approaches are applied, with a particular emphasis on conversation analysis, discourse analysis and lexicology. Research data is taken from various Romance and Germanic languages and from Old Greek.

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The wise and ignorant pathonym: terms for diseases in lay and expert discourses on health (Georg Marko)

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Georg Marko

The wise and ignorant pathonym: terms for diseases in lay and expert discourses on health

Introduction

This article examines how lay people and healthcare professionals use pathonyms, i.e. nominal expressions denoting diseases and other pathological conditions (cf. Anreiter 2002),1 when talking among themselves, and what this reveals about conceptions of health and disease.

The oxymoron wise and ignorant in the title indicates that the terms found may exhibit some kind of ambivalence, pointing to conflicting conceptions of health and disease, differences such as those evident in the following examples:

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