This book reconstructs the perceptions about mixed marriages across generations, starting from a detailed analysis of the statistical background and a description of this phenomenon in the historical past, and then focusing on the case history of families. As ethnic and religious diversity has long been an important source of social tension in Transylvania, mixed marriages have the potential to link the communities and act as a bridge between ethnic groups. Considering the multilevel analyses, the time frame from 1895 to nowadays as well as the historical past of Transylvania, this volume has a strong multidisciplinary character, predicated on a combination of historical, demographical and sociological methods.
Considerations on Ethnically Mixed Marriages in Transylvania in the Last Few Decades (Mihaela Hărăguş)
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Considerations on Ethnically Mixed Marriages in Transylvania in the Last Few Decades
Abstract: Working on samples consisting of 10% of the Romanian Censuses of 1977, 1992 and 2002, made available by the Minnesota Population Centre, Mihaela Hărăguș presents several characteristics of individuals forming ethnically mixed couples, compared with those in homogamous couples (working on subsamples of married men).
Over the past 40 years, there have not been major variations in the number of marriages between Romanians and Hungarians in Transylvania. Making use of the subsamples from the censuses of 1977, 1992 and 2002, we may see that the proportions of married men in mixed marriages involving a Romanian and a Hungarian were around 4% (see Table 1). Working on census and vital registration data, Kiss and Veress1 indicate, from the perspective of the Hungarian minority, a share of 80–83% of endogamous marriages for the period 1992–2007. They and other authors2, while noticing the stability of the proportions of marriages between Romanians and Hungarians on the whole, draw attention on significant differences among the counties in Transylvania. This is because of major differences in the ethnic composition of counties in this region. There are counties where the Hungarian ethnics are the majority (Harghita and Covasna) and, consequently, the percentage of mixed marriages should be very small (less than 5%), while in others (in the southern part and in Banat) the Hungarians are a minority...
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