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A Path to a Conception of Symbolic Truth


Małgorzata Czarnocka

This book deals with correspondence truth, and offers an explanation of correspondence as a symbolization of reality. The author analyses those basic elements of known correspondence truth theories which are the cause of their inadequacy. She focuses on the theories which try to modify the strongest classical theories and shows that these theories are unable to free themselves from seeing correspondence as copying (mirroring). The book presents a «symbolic» correspondence truth theory claiming that correspondence is a specific kind of symbolisation in a Cassirer-close sense, and correspondence truth is neither a copy, nor any other imitation of reality, but its symbol.

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Chapter 5. Approximate Truth Theories


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Chapter 5 Approximate Truth Theories

I will devote this chapter to two approximation truth conceptions. One is Ryszard Wójcicki’s approximate truth theory, based on the thesis of the fussiness of reality, and the second is a conception which is based on the phenomenon of the non-eliminable fussiness of measurement results characteristic of scientific practice.

5.1  Ryszard Wójcicki’s Truth Theory and the Fussiness of Reality

Ryszard Wójcicki’s approximation truth theory is a part of his broader and rather complex formal methodology of the empirical sciences, which Wójcicki outlined most extensively in the book Metodologia formalna nauk empirycznych [The Formal Methodology of the Empirical Sciences], published in Polish.101 A review of the entire conception is neither possible here, nor necessary for a presentation of Wójcicki’s views on truth. I will focus on his approach to approximation truth which constitutes something of an independent conceptual whole, and, insofar it is possible, pass over the formal aspects of his reflections as well as the symbolic notation he uses. In fact, I believe that especially bypassing the latter will make Wójcicki’s conception less hermetic and easier to penetrate. My main attention will be on the ideas which found his theory and on those of its theses which I consider to be most essential from the philosophical point of view.

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