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A Path to a Conception of Symbolic Truth


Małgorzata Czarnocka

This book deals with correspondence truth, and offers an explanation of correspondence as a symbolization of reality. The author analyses those basic elements of known correspondence truth theories which are the cause of their inadequacy. She focuses on the theories which try to modify the strongest classical theories and shows that these theories are unable to free themselves from seeing correspondence as copying (mirroring). The book presents a «symbolic» correspondence truth theory claiming that correspondence is a specific kind of symbolisation in a Cassirer-close sense, and correspondence truth is neither a copy, nor any other imitation of reality, but its symbol.

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Approaching the Truth Issue

This book deals with correspondence truth, i.e. truth which connects knowledge and reality or, more illustratively, is an epistemic window to reality for the cognitive subject. The starting point and basis for my reflections is the general concept of correspondence, which is fundamental for correspondence understanding of truth. I suggest an approach to the nature of correspondence truth which differs from what contemporary correspondence theories propose, mainly in the way the correspondence relation is identified.

All existing correspondence truth concepts are based on common-sense beliefs about the sense of truth which are generally accepted as obvious. In terms of content, basing philosophical concepts on such common-sense beliefs and their subsequent refining and honing to “smooth out all burrs and bumps” — as analytic philosophy typically does — cannot take us beyond the common knowledge about truth. Hence, this approach to the truth issue is unable to throw any essential light on the nature of truth.

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