Edited By Elżbieta Czarny, Andżelika Kuźnar and Jerzy Menkes
This book gathers Polish and foreign scholars to consider diverse aspects of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). It examines key general areas such as the improvement of the position of the negotiating parties in the world economy, in politics and in international organisations. The contributors analyze possible acceleration of non-discriminatory liberalisation negotiations, creation of new international standards or reducing regulatory differences, such as «Investor-state dispute settlement» (ISDS), public health, geographical indications. The contributions focus also on specific issues, such as the impact of TTIP on Polish and EU economy, on merchandise and services trade, energy supply, research and development, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), or on the third parties.
Chapter 1. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership and the International Security System
This chapter1 presents an analysis of the specificity of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) as a discriminatory liberalisation agreement (after WTO, such agreements are called RTAs, Regional Trading Agreements) between the EU and the US. We stress that the importance of the TTIP goes beyond the economy, affecting the internal social and political systems of its signatories as well as the global agenda. We contrast the TTIP with another agreement, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which the US negotiated with Asian countries. We analyse feedback on the TTIP negotiations concerning the regional and universal dimensions of security. We are of the opinion that closer economic cooperation between the EU and the US rationally complements their political and defence alliance. Such cooperation is currently in particular demand given the situation of an international security gap as revealed by Russia’s expansionist policy, the European migration crisis, and general instability in the world.
1. US policy towards Europe and Asia after WWII
After WWII, the US pursued national interest defined by a declared ideology2 and applied with various methods to its politics (Hass 1995, p. 50). In particular, US leadership and neo-internationalism were applied3. The method of choice was voluntary and reactive to violence and the lack of respect for law in the world. The choice resulted also from a cost-benefit estimate as wells as the possibilities and←15 | 16→ needs shaped significantly by both current developments and the international order, but not those solely influenced...
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