Edited By Elżbieta Czarny, Andżelika Kuźnar and Jerzy Menkes
This book gathers Polish and foreign scholars to consider diverse aspects of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). It examines key general areas such as the improvement of the position of the negotiating parties in the world economy, in politics and in international organisations. The contributors analyze possible acceleration of non-discriminatory liberalisation negotiations, creation of new international standards or reducing regulatory differences, such as «Investor-state dispute settlement» (ISDS), public health, geographical indications. The contributions focus also on specific issues, such as the impact of TTIP on Polish and EU economy, on merchandise and services trade, energy supply, research and development, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), or on the third parties.
Chapter 18. The TTIP and Banana Trade from the Aspect of Policy Coherence for Development
The European Union aims at development to ensure economic and social development in developing countries. In order to achieve this objective, the EU seeks to harmonize different policies and tools of international development cooperation (Policy Coherence for Development, PCD). PCD aims to avoid different policies undercutting the objectives of development cooperation and poverty reduction in developing countries, and PCD aims to achieve that various policies and the policy of international development cooperation support each other. In line with these objectives, the EU supports international agreements which are consistent with these principles.
There is no doubt that a future free trade agreement between the EU and the US (TTIP) may affect not only the participants but also third countries including developing countries, our research is therefore focusing on developing countries. Since the EU has a contractual relationship with African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, namely the Cotonou Partnership Agreement, in this study we are focusing on these countries. Our aim is to analyze whether the TTIP is a risk for ACP countries or not, and how it may affect the principles of PCD. We strive to answer the research question with analyzing the trends of banana trade because it is a crucial issue in EU-US trade relations (decades old banana dispute), on the one hand, and the largest banana traders are ACP and Latin-American countries, on the other hand. Although the banana war between the EU and the USA was concluded in 2009, the fear that ACP...
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