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English versus Slavic

Lexicon in a Morphological and Semantic Perspective

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Edited By Ewa Konieczna and Robert Kiełtyka

This book offers a collection of papers pertaining to the most thought-provoking problems in the areas of theoretical and contrastive linguistics. The contributions are devoted to current developments in morphological and semantic theorizing. The contrastive analyses conducted by the authors examine the structure of English and selected Slavic languages.

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An Overview of Polish and English Attributive Ethnonyms Based on Culinary Traditions (Marcin Kudła)

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Marcin Kudła

An Overview of Polish and English Attributive Ethnonyms Based on Culinary Traditions

Abstract: Cuisine is an essential element of many ethnic stereotypes. Sometimes beliefs concerning the culinary traditions of various ethnic groups find their way into language in the form of attributive ethnonyms; that is, ethnic names which draw on attributes stereotypically associated with a particular ethnic group. For instance, the English terms frog-eater, sauerkraut and spaghetti refer to a French, German and Italian person, respectively. English examples of such terms have been analysed along the lines of Cognitive Linguistics in Kudła (2009a, 2009b, 2010), and – more thoroughly – in Kudła (2016). The present paper is an attempt at providing a systematic comparison of English and Polish cuisine-based attributive ethnonyms, with emphasis on the latter language. The following questions are tackled here: Do native speakers of English and Polish describe the same ethnic groups or not? If so, do they allude to the same foodstuffs? Are there any differences in the number of terms used by the speakers of the two languages? If so, what is the reason for this?

Key words: attributive ethnonym, axiology, ethnicity, idealised cognitive model, stereotype

1. Introduction

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