Controversies, Observations and Proposals
Edited By Danuta Stanulewicz, Karolina Janczukowicz and Małgorzata Rocławska-Daniluk
This collection of papers explores various issues in English language teaching in Poland, mainly at the secondary and tertiary levels. The topics include Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), English for Specific Purposes (ESP), and e-learning. The contributions also deal with teaching public speaking, pronunciation and writing. The contributors explore language education from the perspective of cognitive linguistics and propose solutions concerning English for Specific Purposes (Technical Writing in English and Maritime English) as well. The book also investigates teaching not only languages but also, inter alia, geography and linguistics, concentrating on the use of metaphors, prototypes and cognitive models.
Public speaking as a tool in developing oral skills (Karolina Janczukowicz)
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Public speaking as a tool in developing oral skills
University of Gdańsk
Abstract: The chapter aims to redefine the art of public speaking in such a way that it encompasses two vital aspects: firstly, the development of speaking skills in a second language via the necessity to practice the speech; secondly, an improvement of the overall command of the mother tongue. The discussion revolves around the question of authenticity of communication and the potential of a public speech as an example of authentic communication. The analysis of a public speech is divided threefold: through a contrast between speech and writing, then – speech and reading aloud and finally – speaking and acting. The implication of the chapter is an inclusion of public speaking in teaching a second language. The conclusion shows an additional advantage to be gained from incorporating public speaking in teaching a second language in the form of the improvement of thinking skills simultaneously with the general development of the oral skills of the speaker.
Keywords: authentic language use, convention of public speaking, oral skills, speech, thinking skills
1. Criteria determining the authenticity of a speaking task
Developing oral skills in EFL (or many other second language courses) has traditionally been approached from the point of view of such speaking exercises or tasks where the degree of authenticity of a task is being increased. The notion of authenticity itself can refer to...
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