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Radicalism and Terrorism in the 21st Century

Implications for Security


Anna Sroka, Fanny Castro-Rial Garrone and Rubén Darío Torres Kumbrián

This book addresses the issues of radicalism and terrorism, which are of exceptional importance and relevance in contemporary society. Each of the two phenomena are analyzed from a multidisciplinary perspective. The book contains articles which explore legal, political, psychological, economic and social aspects of radicalism and terrorism. A portion of the contributions are of a theoretical nature, they constitute an attempt at constructing analytical frameworks for studies on the two phenomena. There are also studies of particular cases, such as radicalism in Poland and in Spain, as well as within the European Union as a whole. This collective work is a response to the need for analyses of two issues which are increasingly responsible for determining the level of security which characterizes the contemporary world.

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Counter-Terrorism: Correlating Security and Freedom (Stanisław Sulowski)


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Stanisław Sulowski

Counter-Terrorism: Correlating Security and Freedom

1. Introduction

The 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, which came as a complete surprise to the USA and the countries of Europe, indubitably represent a turning point in the political and academic discourse on internal and international security. A number of European states have experienced acts of terrorism in the 1970s – these were acts of an endemic nature. At the turn of the twenty-first century, these crises subsided into the past, attracting insufficient attention in the public realm. However, the new threat facing the US, especially its domestic security – as the country, at that time, lacked experience in this field, and coupled with the shock – instilled a sense of helplessness among its political elites and the wider public. This led the US President to announce that his country was in a state of war with the new terrorism, the now infamous “War on Terror.” In a word, this was a sign that a new form of threat to the security of the state and its public was faced by the rule of law democracies and they lacked the knowledge on how to deal with it.

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