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Radicalism and Terrorism in the 21st Century

Implications for Security


Anna Sroka, Fanny Castro-Rial Garrone and Rubén Darío Torres Kumbrián

This book addresses the issues of radicalism and terrorism, which are of exceptional importance and relevance in contemporary society. Each of the two phenomena are analyzed from a multidisciplinary perspective. The book contains articles which explore legal, political, psychological, economic and social aspects of radicalism and terrorism. A portion of the contributions are of a theoretical nature, they constitute an attempt at constructing analytical frameworks for studies on the two phenomena. There are also studies of particular cases, such as radicalism in Poland and in Spain, as well as within the European Union as a whole. This collective work is a response to the need for analyses of two issues which are increasingly responsible for determining the level of security which characterizes the contemporary world.

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An Updated Approach to the Study of Terrorism (Fanny Castro-Rial Garrone)


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Fanny Castro-Rial Garrone

An Updated Approach to the Study of Terrorism

1. Introduction: The Progressive Reality of the Jihadist Terrorist Threat

An updated approach to the study of jihadist terrorist action requires an extensive terminological specification, which compels us to frame jihadist action within the phenomenon of terrorism,1 while singling it out due to its specific connotations. Thus, it can be differentiated either in terms of its ideological approach or by determining its action strategies, since one of its most defining characteristics is metamorphosis, understood as the capacity of different forms, in which the threat can act, to evolve and transform, as observed in the emergence of new figures, such as lone wolfs, foreign fighters, and returnees.

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