This book investigates philosophical and formal approaches to predication. The topics discussed include Aristotelian predication, a conceptualist approach to predication, possible formalizations of the notion, Fregean predicates and concepts, and Meinongian predication. The contributions discuss the approaches proposed by Aristotle and Frege, as well as the division of classes into a hierarchy of orders. They reanalyze the traditional notions, and offer new insights into predication theory. This book contributes to contemporary debates on predication and predicates in the philosophy of language.
Is Predication an Act or an Operation? (Bjørn Jespersen)
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VSB-Technical University of Ostrava
Is Predication an Act or an Operation?
Abstract: This paper contrasts a logical or objectivist conception of predication with a pragmatic or subjectivist conception. The former conception identifies predication with an objective operation that applies a property to an individual. This conception is suitable as an account of how to provide propositional unity. The latter conception identifies predication with an act that a speaker or thinker carries out when asserting or thinking that an object has a property. According to contemporary act-theoretic theories, this conception accounts for propositional unity. I argue that the two conceptions of predication are complementary rather than mutually exclusive, but also that the logical conception enjoys conceptual priority.
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