This book investigates the linguistic status of predication, especially within the generative paradigm. The topics discussed include minimalist accounts of predication, types of predication, copular constructions, topic and focus, theticity and transitivity. The contributions analyze constructions from a wide variety of languages, including English, Polish, Irish, Welsh, Norwegian, German, Arabic, Ostyak, Mongolian, Japanese and Chinese. This book contributes to contemporary debates on understanding predication in linguistics and in the philosophy of language.
Grammatical Expression of Tense and its Interpretation in Secondary Predication (Ryosuke Shibagaki)
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Grammatical Expression of Tense and its Interpretation in Secondary Predication
Abstract: This chapter focuses on the grammatical expression of tense and its interpretation in secondary predication. Secondary predication (SP) has two subtypes, resultatives and depictives. In order to interpret SP it is necessary to fix the temporal points where the events denoted by the main and secondary predicates take place. This is because, by definition, the event of a resultative secondary predicate and that of its matrix clause occur at different times, while the events of a depictive secondary predicate and its matrix clause take place simultaneously. In this paper, I will show that languages differ as to how the event time of SP is specified, and I will offer a parametric account for the variation of SP with regard to TP projection.
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