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Kompetenz – Funktion – Variation / Competencia – Función – Variación

Linguistica Coseriana V

Series:

Gerda Haßler and Thomas Stehl

Dieser Band enthält Beiträge der V. Internationalen Tagung zur Linguistica Coseriana. 26 Autoren behandeln theoretische Aspekte des Werks Coserius, seine Stellung in der Geschichte und Gegenwart der Sprachtheorien, sprachliche Kompetenz, Kreativität und Fixierung, Funktionen im Text und im Diskurs sowie Variation von Sprachen. Die Beiträge geben theoretisch orientierte Antworten auf einige von Coseriu aufgeworfene Fragen, sie sind empirisch fundiert und beinhalten auch historiographische Überlegungen. Dabei geht es nicht um eine Exegese der Texte Coserius, sondern um produktive Weiterentwicklungen einer kompetenzorientierten, funktionalen und auf sprachliche Variation bezogenen Linguistik.

Este volumen contiene contribuciones a la V. Conferencia Internacional sobre Linguistica Coseriana. 26 Autores tratan aspectos teóricos de la obra de Coseriu, su postura con respecto a la historia y presente de las teorías del lenguaje, competencia lingüística, creatividad y fijación, funciones en el texto y discurso, así como la variación de lenguas. Las contribuciones ofrecen respuestas teóricas sobre algunos planteamientos de Coseriu, están fundamentadas empíricamente y contienen también reflexiones historiográficas. No se trata de una exégesis de los textos de Coseriu, sino de desarrollos productivos de una lingüística funcional orientada a la competencia lingüística y que tiene en cuenta a la variación lingüística.

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Coserius integrale Linguistik des Sprechens vom Standpunkt einer kritischen Linguistik der Faktizität (Ana Agud)

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Ana Agud

(Universidad de Salamanca)

Coserius integrale Linguistik des Sprechens vom Standpunkt einer kritischen Linguistik der Faktizität

Abstract: Against the idea that an integral linguistics of the text is possible as a conventional analytic science, whose object can be definitely constituted through definable concepts, I stress several facts concerning language studies which cannot be ignored if such studies have to be adequate. Starting from Humboldt’s principle that language only has a determinate existence in the very act of speaking each time (“im jedesmaligen Sprechen”), I stress the fact that every linguistic analysis of virtual language (as some social or formal system which can be used, and which exists before or independently of such a use) is a metaphysical construction. Neither “language” nor its presumptive parts or components can be objectively defined as concepts, since language is not a possible object of a human subject, but part of the subject as such. So linguistics isn’t a “meta-language”, but simply speaking about speaking from a certain individual (and more or less shared) perspective. It is bound to its historical context, and it is the singular narrative about what the linguist, as an individual, judges to be most relevant. The linguist’s personal experience with language and the whole of his personality are the sole empirical basis of his theories. Linguistic concepts are nothing but tentative corrections of former ways of speaking about speaking, and are as historical and conditioned as these earlier ways....

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