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Limit Experiences

A Study of Twentieth-Century Forms of Representation

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Jacek Leociak

In his work Limit Experiences, Jacek Leociak addresses questions that are fundamental to the twentieth-century experience: How can we represent such traumatic events as the Holocaust? Was Lyotard correct when he claimed that reality had succumbed to the gas chambers? How can we describe the «indescribable»? Moving seamlessly through such topics as the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, the carpet bombing of Dresden, and Jews left for dead in the Nazi execution pits who miraculously «exited the grave» alive, Professor Leociak succeeds in offering readers a profound representation of twentieth-century limit experiences by embedding them in a broad array of sources and building around them a rich historical context.

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Index

A

Abbeele, Georges Van Den 10, 348

Adamski, Marek 325, 351

Addison, Paul 135, 136, 179, 339

Adelson, Alan 240, 242, 332, 338

Aksamitowski, Andrzej 44, 332

Alertz, Hipolit 102, 104

Altbeker, Ruth 96, 333

Améry, Jean 325, 332

Andrzejewski, Jerzy 50

Andrzejewski, Marek 130, 339

Ankersmit, Frank 14, 15, 17, 21, 224, 225, 339, 340, 342

Apollinaire, Guillaume 130

Applebaum, Anne 280, 340

Appelfeld, Aharon 118

Arad, Yitzhak 232, 334

Aragon, Luigi d’ 248

Arazamagni, Antonio 147

Arendt, Hannah 25, 340

Ariès, Philippe 340

Arnheim, Rudolf 124, 340

Aristotle 10

Ash, Timothy Garton 137, 174

Auerbach, Rachela 97, 98, 224, 233, 234, 277, 288, 293, 296, 297, 300, 332

Augustine, St. 253, 255, 340

Avicenna 247

B

Bachelard, Gaston 152, 340

Bachórz, Józef 193, 340

Backer, Adriaen 192, 255

Bailey, Ronald H. 131, 340

Bakke, Monika 259, 340

Bakula, Bogusław 340

Balbus, Tomasz 305

Baldung, Hans 275

Baraniewski, Waldemar 79, 340

Barbero, Giuseppe 160

Barbusse, Henry 199, 203, 272274, 276, 277, 332

Barthes, Roland 184186, 188, 189, 210, 241, 340

Bartos, Krzysztof 290, 333

Bartoszewski, Władysław 73, 166, 340

Bataille, Georges 22, 245, 258, 340, 346, 349

Baudelaire, Charles 246

Baudrillard, Jean 99, 341

Bauman, Janina 294, 295, 332

Bauman Zygmunt 25, 99, 341

Bazin, André 184, 341

Beatis, Don Antonio de 248

Bell, Anthea 41, 176, 338, 351

Bellow, Saul 322, 332

Benedetti, Alessandro 248, 249, 256, 257

Benedyktowicz, Zbigniew 156, 341

Benivieni, Antonio 248

Benn, Gottfried 260, 341

Berek, Putersznyt 218, 221

Berezowska, Małgorzata 314, 331

Bergander, Götz 179, 341

Berger, John 213, 216, 341

Berland, Marian 289, 290, 332

Berman, Adolf 289, 332

Berman, Barbara 289, 332

Bernacki, Marek 250, 345

Bernini, Gianlorenzo 192

Bernstein, Richard 177

Bernstein, Tatiana 113, 341

Berry, James 309

Bettelheim, Bruno 1719, 341

←355 | 356→

Bezwińska, Jadwiga 11, 281, 298, 331, 332

Bialik, Hayyim Nahman 280, 332

Bichat, Marie François 256

Biebl, Konstantin 262

Biebow, Hans 236, 237

Bielecki, Adam 308, 312, 334, 338

Bishop, Alan 167, 209, 336

Blady-Szwajger, Adina 86, 333

Blanchot, Maurice 9, 10, 341

Blaskowitz, Johannes 68

Blättler, Franz 290, 333

Blösche, Josef 227, 228

Blumenfeld, Stanisława 88

Bobkowski, Andrzej 166, 333

Bocian, Martin 304, 341

Bogaczewicz, Stanisław Antoni 305, 332

Bolecki, Włodzimierz 12, 30, 274, 341, 349

Böll, Heinrich 176

Boltański, Chrystian 222

Boniface VIII, Pope 258

Borecka, Emilia 314, 331

Borkowska, S. 44

Borowski, Andrzej 252

Borowski, Tadeusz 10, 80, 353

Borwicz (Boruchowicz), Michał Maksymilian 309, 310, 333

Bose, Hans-Jürgen von 174

Bostridge, Mark 209, 336

Bourke, Joanna 145, 341

Brach-Czaina, Jolanta 326, 327, 341

Brandys, Kazimierz 88, 89, 333

Braudel, Fernand 84, 85, 341

Brittain, Vera 167, 209, 336

Brodzka-Wald, Alina 30, 38, 274, 341, 350

Broniewski, Władysław 165

Brooke, Rupert Chawner 205

Brown, Allison 128, 176, 343

Bruegel, Pieter Starszy 202, 289, 290

Bruner, Edward M. 14, 342

Brunier, Charles 201, 202

Bruno, Antonio 248

Bryskier, Henryk 91, 102, 313, 314, 333

Buchowski, Michał 35, 344

Buczkowski, Leopold 154, 333

Buras, Piotr 158, 342, 353

Burke, Edmund 21

Buruma, I. 177, 342

Buze, Tadeusz 103

C

Calarco, Matthew 19, 347

Calderón de la Barca, Pedro 56, 57

Callot, Goya 203, 333

Canetti, Elias 152, 157, 327, 342

Čapek, Karel 303, 328, 333

Carr, Ian 248

Cary, Robert 139

Cazin, Paul 286, 333

Celan, Paul 277, 342

Churchill, Winston 126, 132, 133, 134, 136, 138, 139, 142, 175, 177, 178

Ciborowski, Adolf 301

Cichowicz, Stanisław 283, 340

Cieplewicz, Mieczysław 38, 41, 331

Cirlot, Juan Eduardo 252, 342

Claudius, Matthias 275

Cloete, Stuart 199

Cohen, Abraham 290, 302, 333, 342

Collier, Carol 256, 342

Courbet, Gustave 192

Cox, Sebastian 135, 137

Crang, Jeremy A. 135, 179, 339

Crooke, Helkiah 256

Crozier, Frank Percy 198, 201

Curtius, Ernest Robert 252, 284, 342

Cymerman, Joel 316

Cyprys, Ruth 96, 333

Cyrańska, Maria 311, 315, 333

←356 | 357→

Czarkowski, Antoni 314, 333

Czech, Danuta 331

Czermińska, Małgorzata 29, 342

Czerniaków, Adam 93, 292, 294, 295, 333

Czuma, Walerian 48, 69, 7274, 76

D

Dahrendorf, Ralf 26

Dalewski, Zbigniew 215

Dali, Salvador 161

Dante, Alighieri 303

Dąbrowska, Danuta 231, 338, 342

Dąbrowska, Maria 8688, 108, 110, 112, 113, 333

Dąbrowski, Jan 53, 120, 336

Debussy, Claude 37

DeCardi, Steven 19, 347

Defoe, Daniel 288

Delacroix, Eugéne 189, 190, 191, 195, 196, 202, 204, 333, 342

Delavigne, Casimir 53, 54

Delbo, Charlotte 10

Delumeau, Jean 23, 247, 290, 342

Descartes, René 247, 249, 253, 261, 271, 342

Deutsch, Niklaus Manuel 275

Dickson, Maggie 308

Dicksteinówna, Julia 44

Didi-Huberman, Georges 221, 342

Dilthey, Wilhelm 13, 22

Dix, Otto 202

Dłużniewska, Sabina 148, 151, 33

Dobroszycki, Lucjan 44, 150, 331

Dobrzyniecki, Zdzisław 303, 345

Dobrzyńska, Teresa 28, 342

Domańska, Ewa 12, 14, 15, 21, 30, 282, 297, 339, 342

Dostoyevsky, Fyodor 307

Douhet, Giulio 128

Dragon, Szlama 306

Drewnowski, Tadeusz 88, 333

Drozdowski, Marian Marek 37, 38, 44, 59, 63, 150, 311, 331, 332, 343

Dubisz, Stanisław 23

Duell, William 308

Dunin-Wąsowicz, Krzysztof 314, 331

Dürer, Albrecht 275

Dyer, Gwynne 140, 141, 343

Dziadek, Adam 349

E

Easthope, Antony 16, 343

Eberhardt, Konrad 286, 333

Edelman, Marek 60, 293, 334, 336

Ehrenburg, Ilya 305, 311, 334

Eichmann, Adolf 25, 231, 265, 312, 335, 340

Eisen, Samuel 318

Eisenbach, Artur 93, 337

Eisenschmidt, Eliezer 307

Eksteins, Modris 24, 130, 204207, 272, 343

Eliach, Jafa 311, 320, 334

Eliade, Mircea 302, 343

Engelking, Barbara 96, 97, 113, 288, 337, 343

Ernest, Stefan 234, 288, 292, 334

Estienne, Charles 251

Estreicher, Karol 211, 343

Euripides 212

F

Falkowska, Maria 234, 336

Fedewicz, Bożena 274, 346

Fehrenthei, Claus von 169

Fejgenberg, Mozes 312, 319

Felman, Shoshana 13, 343

Ficowski, Jerzy 280, 335

Phidias 70

Filipowicz, Kornel 313, 314, 315, 334

Fischer, Eugen 270

←357 | 358→

Fischer, Ludwig 83

Fiszel, Bialobroda 316, 334

Fleming, Marie 26, 343

Forsdike, A. 155

Forstner, Dorothea 252, 343

Foucault, Michel 22, 248, 253, 256, 343, 346, 348

Fraenkel, Heinrich 169, 348

Franz Ferdinand, Archduke 204

Freud, Sigmund 1921, 24, 303

Frezer, Margaret 162

Friedlander, Saul 26, 343

Friedrich, Jörg 175, 176178, 343

Frisius, Gemm 183

Frederick II 258

Fudakowski, Jerzy 104

Fujimoto, Masaru 180, 344

Fuks, Marian 93, 333

Fussell, Paul 24, 207, 272, 344

G

Gadamer, Hans-Georg 12, 14, 22, 30, 344

Gajcy, Tadeusz 148

Galen, Claudius 247

Gałka, Wacława 311, 316

Gancwajch, Abraham 112

Garczyński, Stefan 56

Gardner, Alexander 186, 190, 191

Garret, Stephen A. 125, 126, 131, 138, 144, 344

Gellately, Robert 26, 287, 343, 344

Geller, Stephen 173

Genewein, Walter 236, 237, 238, 242

Gennep, Arnold van 35, 344

Getter, Marek 44, 150, 331

Gigliotti, Simone 19, 344

Gilbert, Martin 215, 312, 335

Gillies, Harold D. 192198, 202, 344

Glejch, Sara 311

Glik, Berel 312

Glover, Jonathan 133135, 144, 287, 344

Głowacka, Dorota 11, 13, 344

Głowiński, Michał 92, 225, 236, 344

Godzimirski, Jakub M. 283, 340

Goebbels, Joseph 132, 137, 138, 140, 142144, 168170, 179, 348

Goetel, Ferdynand 46, 114, 115, 148, 334

Goff, Jacques Le 85, 347

Goldberg, Vicki 191, 344

Goldhagen, Daniel 158, 177

Goldin, Leyb 113, 293, 334

Goldszer, Baruch 312, 334

Gomulicki, Juliusz Wiktor 50, 213

Göring, Herman 124, 132, 169

Gourevitch, Philips 328, 344

Goya, Francisco 203, 333

Górny, Jechiel 295

Grabowski, Jan 87, 339

Grabowski, Zbigniew R. 87, 339

Graham, Spencer 199

Gralewski, Jan 90, 335

Grass, Günther 158, 159, 219, 287, 346

Graves, Robert 197, 200, 291, 344

Grayling, Anthony C. 128, 144, 167, 344

Greif, Gideon 306, 307, 334

Greimas, Algirdas Julien 35, 344

Grenfell, Bernard 212

Griffin, Sara 308

Grinker, Roy R. 144

Grochowiak, Stanisław 259

Grodziska, Karolina 291, 345

Gromadzka, Regina 342

Grossman, Mendel 215, 231, 238242

Grossman, Vasily 305, 311, 334

Grosz, George 123, 124, 173

Grünberg, Franciszka 96, 334

Grynberg, Henryk 300, 313, 327, 334, 344

Grynberg, Michał 93, 312, 331

Grzelak, Czesław 44, 67, 332, 345

←358 | 359→

Guderian, Heinz 170

Guillain, Robert 155, 180, 334

Günsberg, Salomon 319, 320

Gurewicz, Mina 316, 334

Guriewicz, Aron 303, 345

Gutman, Israel 229, 232, 334

Gutschów, Niell 79, 345

Guze, Joanna 333

H

Habermas, Jürgen 26

Hachiya, Michihiko 157, 335

Handle, Ryszard 276, 346

Harding, Luke 177, 345

Harriman, Averell 134

Harris, Artur 128, 129, 131, 133, 134, 135, 145

Harris, Walter B. 345

Harrison, Robert Pogue 282, 345

Hartung, Albert 154

Hartwig, Julia 333

Hashimoto 157

Haska, Agnieszka 229, 345

Hay, Ian 207

Hazard, Paul 261, 345

Hedemann, Oskar 184, 349, 351

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 10

Heidegger, Martin 12, 15, 349

Henryk VIII, King 257

Herbert, Zbigniew 213, 254, 255, 345

Herling-Grudziński Gustaw 288, 345

Hilberg, Raul 83, 118, 345

Hill, George Roy 173

Himmler, Heinrich 227, 265

Hirszfeld, Ludwik 38, 46, 93, 95, 148, 335

Hirszowicz, Maria 31

Hirt, August 265

Hitler, Adolf 37, 67, 68, 72, 74, 76, 83, 104, 113, 132, 137, 138, 142144, 158, 159, 167170, 177, 206, 235, 265, 295, 335, 341, 346, 349, 351

Hoffmann, Heinrich 206

Holden, Wendy 25, 123, 145, 345

Holgate, Mike 309, 345

Homer 145, 284286, 345, 347

Hordo, Leszek 291, 345

Horoszowski, Paweł 227

Huberband, Szymon 112

Huet, Marie Hélène 190, 195, 345

Hugo, Victor 274

Humphries, Steve 133, 348

Hunt, Arthur 212

I

Ibbieta, Pablo 307

Innes, Brian 250, 345

Irving, David 137, 155, 161, 162, 164, 169, 179, 335, 345

Irzykowski, Karol 37, 38, 6365, 6872, 74, 75, 77, 78, 335

Iwańska, Alicja 90, 91, 335

Iwaszkiewicz, Jarosław 36, 37, 107, 110113, 119, 335

J

Jabłonkówna, Leonia 166

Jabłoński, Dariusz 237, 238

Jachwidowicz 318, 335

Jäckel, Günter 168

Jakobson, Roman 224

Jakubowska, Julia 307, 312, 316, 334, 336, 338

Jałowiecki, Bohdan 35, 346

Janiczek, Jan 55

Janion, Maria 5254, 56, 57, 59, 60, 78, 196, 271, 273, 281, 346

Janowski, Julian 74, 335

Jaspers, Karl 17, 346, 351

Jay, Martin 12, 16, 22, 24, 346

Jennings, Lee Byron 274, 276, 346

Joselewska, Ryfka 312, 313, 317, 320, 327, 335

←359 | 360→

Jöst, Heinrich 351

Joubin, André 333

Jünger, Ernst 169, 198, 200, 201, 286, 335

Jurandot, Jerzy 73

K

Kac, Tima 316, 320, 327

Kadish, George 215

Kamiński, Aleksander 42, 47

Kamiński, Leszek 58, 346

Kammler, Heinz 79

Kamper, Wiesława 154, 335

Kania, Ireneusz 252, 342

Kant, Immanuel 10

Kaplan, Chaim A. 72, 91, 92, 105, 148, 335

Kartuziński, Leo 228

Katsh, Abraham Isaac 72, 335

Kayser, Wolfgang 276, 297, 346

Kemp, Martin 187, 192, 250, 252, 346

Kershaw, Ian 142, 144, 170, 206, 346

Keyse, Emma 309

Kędzierski, Sławomir 131, 340

Kępiński, Antoni 193, 346

Kiernan, Ben 287, 344

Kiersnowski, Ryszard 38

Kilpatrick, Mell 246, 335

Kirchner, Hanna 89, 337

Kirkor-Kiedroniowa Zofia 119, 120, 335

Kisch, Egon Erwin 196, 197, 335

Kitchener, Horatio 206, 207

Klain, Barbara 79, 345

Klemperer, Eva 170

Klemperer, Victor 137, 138, 168, 170172, 179, 335

Klukowski, Zbigniew 108, 110, 112, 335

Kłodziński, Stanisław 221

Koch, Trute 160

Kocjan, Krzysztof 245, 352

Koff, Clea 278, 346

Kogan, Josifowicz 320, 321

Konecki, Tadeusz 346

Kopczyńska-Ciesielska, Marta 234, 336

Kopka, Bogusław 79, 347

Korczak, Janusz 234, 336

Korczak, Róża 321

Korecka, Jolanta 246, 349

Korpetta, Jacek 314, 331

Kortko, Dariusz 80, 347

Koskowski, Józef 120, 336

Kossak, Zofia 166, 337

Kossoy, Edward 227229, 347

Kostkiewiczowa, Teresa 225, 344

Kotowska, Maria 312, 331

Kowalczyk, Andrzej Stanisław 168, 338

Kowalczykowa, Alina 281, 347

Kozłowski, Eugeniusz 38, 41, 331

Krabbe, Fredrich 177

Krabbe, Hanna 177

Kracik, Jan 288, 347

Kragen, Wanda 43, 46, 336, 347

Krall, Hanna 60, 336

Kraskowska- Nitschowa, Ludwika 39

Krawczyńska, Jadwiga 45, 46, 336

Kremer, Josef

Kremer, Johann Paul 266, 269271, 335

Kristeva, Julia 259, 347

Kröger, Hermann 150

Krokiewicz, Adam 284, 347

Król, Michał 294

Krzak-Ćwiertnia, Elżbieta 250, 345

Krzemień-Ojak, Sław 282, 347

Kühnemund, Gerhard 159

Kunert, Andrzej Krzysztof 39, 41, 42, 49, 58, 70, 108, 331, 347

Kuśmierczyk, Seweryn 30, 189, 343

←360 | 361→

Kutrzeba, Tadeusz 6668, 77, 336

Kwiatkowski, Jerzy 130

Kwiatkowski, Maciej Józef 44, 48, 50, 53, 66, 74, 76, 347

L

La Mettrie, Julien Offray de 261

LaCapra, Dominick 17, 19, 20, 303, 347

Laffin, John 196, 197, 336

Lam, Andrzej 37, 76, 338

Lamet, Matylda 228

Lamet, Hanka 228

Landau, Ludwik 36, 46, 75, 76, 85, 151, 164, 165, 288, 307, 336

Landau, Zbigniew 36, 336

Lang, Berel 118, 347

Lanzmann, Claude 13, 305, 336, 343

Lapides, R. 332

Laub, Dori 13, 343, 347

Lavater, Johann Kaspar 193

Le Brun, Charles 192

Leach, Edmund 35, 344

Lebrun, François 248

Lechoń, Jan 38, 43, 51, 52

Lee, John Henry Georg 23, 309, 345

Leeuw, Gerard van der 156, 347

Leighton, Roland 209, 336

Leist, Ludwik 84

Lem, Stanisław 298, 347

Leociak, Jacek 97, 113, 284, 301, 343, 347, 348

Leonardo, da Vinci 192, 248

Leon-Dufour, Xavier 253, 348

Lerner, Paul 25, 349

Lesman, Stanisław 63

Leszczyński, Damian 253, 348

Levi, Primo 10, 80, 235, 348

Levin, Judith 214, 348

Levinas, Emmanuel 10

Lewczyński, Jerzy 221, 222

Lewicki, Franciszek 120, 336

Lewin, Abraham 97, 98, 288, 336

Lewin, Dorka 218

Lewis, Tim 132, 150, 348

Ley, Robert 170

Ligęza, Wojciech 58, 71, 348

Lindbergh, Charles 130

Lindqvist, Sven 125127, 348

Lipiński, Wacław 36, 48, 66, 336

Lis-Turlejska, Maria 24, 348

Lorentz, Stanisław 45, 46, 336

Łotman Jurij 297

Ludendorff, Erich 140, 141, 142

Lukrec, Henryk 60, 336

Lurker, Manfred 348

Luzzi, Mondino de’ 248

Lyotard, Jean-François 10, 16, 20, 348, 353

M

Macioszczyk, Bolesław 104

Mack, Joanna 133, 348

Mackiewicz, Józef 150, 170, 172, 173, 179, 298, 336

Magnussen, Karin 270

Makower, Henryk 93, 94, 99, 336

Makowerowa, Noemi 94, 336

Małachowski, Stanisław 39

Małgorzewski, Jerzy 47, 49, 336

Małgorzewski Józef 50, 53, 61

Mandelstam, Osip 280, 348

Maniakówna, Maria 331

Mann, Thomas 205

Mantegna, Andrea 256

Manvell, Roger 169, 348

Márai, Sándor 146, 147, 336

Margolit, Abraham 232, 334

Mark, Ber 227, 348

Markowski, Michał Paweł 15, 30, 281, 348

Marrus, Michael R. 178, 349

Matusiak, Bożena Anna 288, 351

Matuszewski, Krzysztof 349

←361 | 362→

Matywiecki, Piotr 118

Mawult, Jan 111, 336

Mącznik, Jadzia 218

Mącznik, Szlamek 218

McKee, Alexander 147, 155, 159, 160, 162164, 169, 349

Meed, Władka 95, 337

Mengele, Josef 267, 269, 270

Menochiusz, Jesuit 302

Merenholc, Helena 92, 337

Myers, Charles 123

Miasojedow Grigorij 150, 172, 173, 179, 336

Micale, Mark S. 25, 349

Michalski, Krzysztof 12, 349

Michelangelo 52, 248

Michałowski, Zvi 311, 320

Mickiewicz, Adam 43, 57, 58, 61

Middlebrook, Martin 125127, 131, 133, 134, 144, 150, 154, 155, 160, 167, 349

Mikulski, Jan 265, 349

Milch, Baruch 311, 318, 319, 337

Milchman, Alan 10, 25, 349

Milejkowski, Izrael 263, 269

Miłaszewski, Stanisław 55

Miłosz, Czesław 254, 255, 280, 345, 349

Młodkowska, Marta 288, 334

Moeltgen, Gisela-Alexandra 155

Moll, Otto 306

Moody, Raymond 303, 308

Morawski, Kazimierz 284

Morell, Teodor Gilbert 169

Morgan-Witts, Max 147, 352

Morris, Lynda 202, 349

Mortkowicz-Olczakowa, Hanna 51

Moscicki, Ignacy 63

Muhsfeldt, Erich 306

Mumford, Lewis 85, 349

Munch, Edvard 275

Musgrove, Gordon 160, 349

Mussolini, Benito 142

Mytych-Forajter, Beata 184, 351

N

Nebuchadnezzar II 145

Najberg, Leon 290, 315, 337

Nałkowska, Zofia 89, 90, 107, 109, 110112, 200, 286, 287, 337

Nancy, Jean-Luca 16, 349

Nawrocka, Ewa 12, 341, 349

Neck, Albert van 192, 255, 261

Neillands, Robin 128, 135, 349

Newton, Isaak 246, 261

Niklaus, Matthius Manuel 275

Nocuj, Małgorzata 163, 337

Nola, Alfonso M. Di 246, 349

Norwid, Cyprian 50, 58, 78, 153, 212, 213

Noskowski, Władysław 193, 353

Nussbaum, Tsvi 228, 229

Nycz, Marek 80, 347

Nycz, Ryszard 12, 13, 15, 16, 29, 30, 341, 342, 348, 349, 350

Nyiszli, Miklós 267, 268, 269, 306, 350

O

O’Neill, Eugene 303, 304, 327, 328, 337

Oakeshott, Michael 12, 350

Oberski, Jona 300, 337

Okopień-Sławińska, Aleksandra 225, 344

Olechnicki, Krzysztof 30, 189, 350

Olecka, Irena 234, 336

Olivier, Kelly 13, 350

Oppman, Artur 44

Orwell, George 167

Ossowski, Artur 131, 354

Otto, Rudolf 23, 156, 350

Owen, Wilfred 209, 210, 350

Ozick, Cynthia 118

←362 | 363→

P

Pabst, Friedrich 79

Papieska, Agnieszka 37, 335

Papieski, Robert 37, 335

Park, Robert E. 35

Passenstein, Mojżesz 103, 337

Pasterski, Damian 316

Patkaniowska, Danuta 38, 51, 5355, 350

Paulus, Friedrich 142

Paul IV, Pope 82

Pawełczyńska, Anna 80, 350

Payne, Lewis 186

Petelewicz, Jakub 227

Petersowa, Zofia 46, 337

Piasecki, Bolesław 114

Picasso, Pablo 124, 173, 340

Pick, Daniel 271, 350

Piekałkiewicz, Janusz 126, 131, 133, 151, 350

Pierce, Charles 184

Pietersz, Aert 255

Pietroń, Agata 216

Pietrzak-Merta, M. 16, 343

Pięciak, Wojciech 158, 159, 162, 163, 174, 337, 350

Piłsudski, Józef 38, 39, 44, 58, 66, 119, 294, 353

Pindar 212

Pióro, Zygmunt 35, 346

Platon 15, 348

Płuciennik, Jarosław 21, 350

Podchlebnik, Michał 305

Polesiński, Władysław 76

Pompey (Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) 285

Poniatowski, Józef 78

Pope, Anne 153, 350

Portal, Charles 136

Potocka, Maria Anna 311, 338

Pragłowski, Aleksander 67, 337

Prażmowski, Wojciech 222

Prędki, Artur 44

Printz, Artur 215

Prorok, Leszek 154, 337

Putersznyt, Berko 218, 221

R

Radomski, Andrzej 13, 350

Radziszewska, Krystyna 233, 338

Ranke, Leopold von 29

Regulska, Halina 36, 45, 46, 47, 61, 337

Regulski, Janusz 60, 337

Remarque, Erich Maria 196, 197, 337

Remba, Nachum 291, 292

Rembek, Stanisław 105111, 337

Rembrandt, van Rijn 192, 255, 256, 259, 261

Renes, Andrzej 39

Rhodes, Richard 311, 350

Ribera, José de 254

Riecker, Wilhelm 160

Ringelblum, Emanuel 91, 93, 101, 105, 109, 112, 215, 234, 235, 281, 288, 289, 292, 293, 298, 299, 331, 337, 338

Robin, Marie-Monique 229, 351

Rodak, Paweł 223, 351

Rodenberg, Axel 179

Rola-Arciszewski, Stanisław 38, 41, 42, 55, 151, 338

Romaniuk, Kazimierz 253, 348

Romanowski, Andrzej 199

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano 134, 142, 175, 177, 178

Rosenberg, Alan 10, 25, 349

Rosenberg, Maria 147

Rosenkranz, Mendel 312, 318

Rosiek, Stanisław 52, 196, 346, 353

Ross, Henryk 215, 216, 219, 220, 231233, 235, 238240, 338

Ross, Stefania 219, 231

←363 | 364→

Rotgeber, Karol 47, 338

Rotsztejn, Lejb 338

Rotszyld, Pola 45, 47, 116, 338

Rouillé, André 184, 185, 210, 351

Rowecki, Stanisław 78

Rowecki, Stefan Grot

Rosenkranz, Mendel 312, 318

Rómmel, Juliusz 38, 65, 67, 68, 69, 72

Rubin, Abraham 312

Rubinsztajn, Irka 315

Ruby, Jay 191, 351

Rudnicki, Adolf 47

Rudziński, Roman 17, 18, 346, 351

Ruffié, Jacques 288, 351

Rugg, Linda Haverty 125, 348

Remba, Nachum 291, 292

Rumkowski, Chaim 232, 233, 239, 240

Rutkowski, Adam 93, 113, 288, 336, 337, 341

Rydz-Śmigły, Edward 67

Rygier, Leon 44

Rymkiewicz, Jarosław Marek 262

S

Sappho 212, 214

Sakowska, Ruta 83, 109, 281, 295, 331, 351

Sennacherib, Assyrian King 145

Sargent, John Singer 202

Sarte, Jean-Paul 307

Scarry, Elanie 325, 351

Schafft, Gretchen E. 270, 351

Schiele, Egon 275

Schliemann, Heinrich 145

Schmidt, Leokadia 95, 97

Schmidt, Ludwik 96, 338

Schmitz, Marii 151

Schneider, Artur 321, 322, 338

Schoenbach, Maksymilian 294

Schopenhauer, Artur 69

Schubert, Franz 275

Schwarberg, Günther 292, 351

Scipio Aemilianus 140, 146

Sebald, Winfried Georg 175177, 351

Sedlis, Aleksander 217

Sedlis Anna 217

Sedlis, Elian 217

Semmler, Rudolf 169

Sennett, Richard 81, 82, 351

Seydak, Pawel 126, 350

Seydewitz, Max 179

Shakespeare, William 285, 351

Shaw, Martin 287, 351

Shearer, John Weber 262, 353

Siegel, Walter 130

Siemieński, Lucjan 303, 351

Siemiontek 228

Sierakowiak, Dawid 240, 242, 338

Sieroszewski, Wacław 76, 92, 338

Sikora, Sławomir 30, 184, 185, 189, 351

Silliaco, Juan 149

Simonson, Eric 173

Sinclair, Archibald 136

Singer, Oskar 232, 233, 338

Skarga, Barbara 13, 24, 351

Skiba, Jan 305

Skwarczyński, Adam 58, 59

Sławek, Walery 39

Sławiński, Janusz 225, 344

Słomczyński, Adam 44, 150, 331

Słonimski, Antoni 38, 42, 52

Słowacki, Juliusz 49, 56, 57, 58, 60, 307

Smith, John 308

Smock, Ann 9, 341

Sofokles 284, 300

Sofsky, Wolfgang 26, 325, 351

Sontag, Susan 82, 183, 184, 351

Soulages, François 184186, 210, 211, 351

←364 | 365→

Sournia, Jean Charles 288, 351

Speer, Albert 132, 138, 338

Spiegel, John P. 144

Spielberg, Steven Allan 227

Spiewak, Paweł 298

Srebrnik, Szymon 305

Średnicka, E. 44

Srokowski, Stanisław 92, 93, 106, 107, 110112, 338

Stachowiak, Lech 302, 343

Stalin, Józef 134, 136, 178

Starzyński, Stefan 3763, 65, 66, 6975, 78, 343, 350

Stein, Józef 263265, 269

Steiner, George 298, 352

Steinkohl, Herman 312, 318, 338

Stempowski, Jerzy 167, 168, 338

Stern, Jonasz 311, 338

Stiller, Robert 262

Stone, Dan 26, 352

Strachan, Hew 142

Strasser, Peter 141

Strom, Kelvin Alfred 174, 175, 177

Stroop, Jürgen 79, 227, 230, 235, 348, 352

Strosberg, Hans 79

Strug, Andrzej 287, 338

Struk, Janina 184, 214, 215, 352

Strzelecki, Jan 22, 352

Strzembosz, Tomasz 311, 331

Sujecki, Janusz 301, 352

Susini, Clemente 187

Święch, Jerzy 148, 352

Święcka-Skoczkowa, Halina 60, 338

Swoboda, Tomasz 271, 353

Szac-Wajnkranc, Noemi 91, 95, 97, 338

Szaret, Anna 317

Szarota, Tomasz 63, 81, 84, 131, 290, 333, 352

Szatkowski, Marian 172, 173

Szlakman, Salomon 311, 316, 321, 338

Śliwiński, Artur 56

Sznajderman, Monika 288, 297, 352

Szpilman, Władysław 41, 94, 338

Sztompka, Piotr 30, 352

Szuchta, Robert 229, 352

Szwankowska, Hanna 314, 331

Szymczak, Mieczysław 23

T

Tabaczyńska, Gina 218

Taylor, Frederick 84, 131, 137, 146, 175, 179, 352

Taylor, Robert R. 79, 352

Terraine, John 206, 352

Thomas, Gordon 147, 352

Thomas, Louis-Vincent 245, 283, 352

Tołwiński, Stanisław 41

Tomaszczuk, Zbigniew 222, 352

Tomaszewski, Jerzy 36, 336

Tomaszewski, Tadeusz 41, 51, 68, 69, 339

Tonks, Henry 202, 349

Topolski, Jerzy 28, 29, 352

Traciewicz, Kazimierz 317, 339

Trenchard, Hugo 128, 129

Trojański, Piotr 229, 352

Troost, Cornelis 192, 255

Trudi, Tate 24, 353

Truman, Harry 178

Tuchman, Barbara W. 205, 353

Turner, Victor W. 14, 342

Titian 254

U

Ubertowska, Aleksandra 16, 353

Ubisz, Mieczysław 54

Umiastowski, Roman 47, 48, 66, 74, 76

Umińska-Plisenko, Ewa 35, 344

←365 | 366→

Unterman, Alan 291, 353

Urbański, Maciej 350

Uspienski, Borys 297

Uziel, Daniel 214, 348, 353

V

Vernant, Jean-Pierre 52, 353

Vesalius, Andreas 192, 248, 255, 261

Vico, Giambattista 282, 287, 353

Virgil 286, 303, 353

Vonnegut, Kurt 150, 170, 173, 174, 339

Vovelle, Michel 271, 283, 353

W

Waehmann, Annemarie 148

Wallace, Marina 187, 192, 250, 252, 346

Waller, Jack 153

Walser, Martin 158, 342, 346, 353

Walter, V. 257, 258, 353

Walton, Kendall L. 185, 353

Wasser, Hersz 296

Waugh, Ian David 309, 345

Weber, John C. 262, 353

Werner, Andrzej 80, 353

Wesselow, Peter de 163

Westwell, Ian 205, 353

Wieczorkiewicz, Anna 248, 250, 251, 253, 257, 258, 353

Wiernik, Jankiel 305, 306, 339

Wierzbicka, Bożena 301, 352

Wierzyński, Kazimierz 41, 199

Wiesel, Elie 10, 319, 339

Willett, John 203

Winderbaum, Estera 312, 315, 320, 339

Winter, Denis 24, 199, 201, 272, 353

Wirz, Henry 191

Witos, Wincenty 39

Włodarczyk, Wojciech 79, 353

Wojdowski, Bogdan 103, 104, 234, 321, 339

Wojdysławski, Jakób 99, 100, 339

Wołowski, Jacek 53, 54

Wornowska, Teresa 147, 336

Woźniak, Monika 246, 349

Wódz, Jacek 35, 352

Wójcik, Włodzimierz 44, 353

Wóycicki, Kazimierz 342

Wyka, Kazimierz 71, 75, 339

Wyszyński, Franciszek 86, 87, 109, 339

Wyszyński, Stefan 39

Z

Zabierowski, Janusz 291, 353

Zaleszczyc, Naftali 215

Zaremba, Zygmunt 39, 40, 4446, 55, 114116, 148

Zarzewska, Wanda 253, 343

Zawadzka, Anna 154, 331

Zawadzka, Zofia 154, 331

Zawadzki, Aleksander Władysław 51, 339

Zeidler-Janiszewska, Anna 13, 35, 342, 349, 353

Zeilinwarger, Chana 228

Żelazko, Joanna 131, 354

Zeldowicz, Emilia 217

Zeldowicz, Henrietta 217

Zelizer, Barbie 183, 354

Żeromski, Stefan 198, 339

Zimand, Roman 29, 354

Żmigrodzka, Maria 57, 58, 346

Znaniecki, Florian 28

Żółkiewski, Stefan 28, 354

Zubrzycki, Józef 163

Żukrowski, Wojciech 43

Żurawski, Israel 305

Zychowicz, Juliusz 304, 341

Żywulska, Krystyna 235, 339