Identity Formation in Early Christianity
This book analyses early Christian texts on prayer. These texts provide a rich perspective on the formation of Christian identity in the early church. The primary sources investigated are the four earliest known treatises on prayer in Christian history, written by Clement, Origen, Tertullian and Cyprian in the beginning of the third century. Prayer and identity have both individual and collective expressions, and theological treatises reveal an interplay between these phenomena. The book examines the relational character of Christian prayer: how prayer establishes a relationship between the individual and God; how other social relations are reinforced by prayer in direct and indirect ways; and how individual Christians are connected to their own self in prayer.
The four euchological treatises under investigation
Tertullian, De Oratione (orat.), D. Schleyer (ed.), De baptismo, De oratione/ Von der Taufe, vom Gebet, Turnhout 2006; translation in: A. Stewart-Sykes, Tertullian, Cyprian, and Origen on the Lord’s Prayer, Crestwood, NY 2004.
Cyprian, De Dominica Oratione (domin.orat.), M. Réveillaud (ed.), L’orasion dominical par saint Cyprien, Paris 1964; translation in: A. Stewart-Sykes, Tertullian, Cyprian, and Origen on the Lord’s Prayer, Crestwood, NY 2004.
Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis 7 (strom.), edition and translation in: F.J.A. Hort/J.B. Mayor (eds.), Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, Book VII. The Greek text with introduction, translation and notes, London 1902.
Origen, Perì Euchês (de or.), P. Koetschau et al. (eds.), Origenes Werke (GCS 3), Leipzig 1899; translation in: A. Stewart-Sykes, Tertullian, Cyprian, and Origen on the Lord’s Prayer, Crestwood, NY 2004.
Additional Classical and Early Christian Literature
Apuleius, Apologia (apol.), Christopher P. Jones (ed.), Apuleius Apologia, LCL 534, Cambridge 2017.
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