A Focus on Research Methodology
Edited By Lisa Fairbrother, Jiří Nekvapil and Marián Sloboda
The chapters in this volume reflect the variety of methods that researchers have recently applied in their investigations of "behavior toward language", or language management. The innovative methods introduced in the volume will appeal to researchers interested in different types of introspective interview methodology and discourse analysis, and to those looking for ways of linking language policy to everyday social interactions. The broad spectrum of themes taken up by the authors include the practices of language cultivation agencies, the use of first and second languages in educational contexts, attitudes toward language varieties, the use of language in immigrant communities, and the processes underlying literary criticism.
Methodology of Japanese studies: The stage of data collection (J. V. Neustupný)
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J. V. Neustupný
Methodology of Japanese studies: The stage of data collection1
Abstract Against the background of Japanese Studies, this paper addresses methodology in linguistics with a special focus on the collection of data. It demonstrates that differing methodologies are characteristic of differing research paradigms, that is, Early Modern, Modern, and Postmodern. The author deals particularly with the methods used in the contemporary Postmodern paradigm, for which an interest in actual linguistic behavior and participants’ awareness is typical. In this paper he describes in detail how to conduct follow-up and interaction interviews, two kinds of interview which are particularly useful for the investigation of simple language management.
Keywords follow-up interview, interaction interview, introspection, methodology, Early Modern, Modern, Postmodern, sociolinguistics, Japanese Studies
1 The discipline of Japanese studies
From the beginning of the twentieth century to the mid-twentieth century, it seemed reasonable for scholars to divide Japanese studies into subjects of various disciplines, representing separate areas of activity, and to conduct research from the viewpoint of each discipline. Since each discipline was independently established and not interrelated with other disciplines, the Japan that we knew was perceived as multiple cross sections and academics were proud of the autonomy of their own disciplines. We could say that Twelve Doors to Japan published by John W. Hall and Richard K. Beardsley in 1965 was not interdisciplinary, but multidisciplinary. Put simply, it was emphasized that the book consisted of various cross-sectional...
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