Edited By Malgorzata Martynuska and Elzbieta Rokosz-Piejko
This book analyses the applicability of postcolonial theories and contemporary issues, and also revisits previously tackled cultural, social and literary phenomena. The contributions examine contemporary social, economic and cultural processes. The authors look back at older cultural texts, coming from either former colonies or former colonisers. They furthermore refer to the fact that theories of postcolonialism are currently more frequently applied to study countries originally not classified as colonial. They attempt to define and explain the experiences of the native peoples of colonial territories in various historical situations of dependence.
Buddhist Ecocriticism in Selected Works of Aldous Huxley’s and Chris Arthur’s Essays (Małgorzata Warchał)
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Buddhist Ecocriticism in Selected Works of Aldous Huxley’s and Chris Arthur’s Essays
Abstract: The paper presents the subject of Buddhist ecocriticism on the example of selected works of Aldous Huxley and a contemporary Irish essayist, Chris Arthur. Buddhist ecocriticism, as a combination of Buddhist and ecological ethics, links environmental concerns with eastern spirituality and is often combined with criticism of the western capitalist culture.
Key words: postcolonial ecocriticism, Buddhism, ecological imperialism, ecological ethics.
Although the field of postcolonial studies is predominantly anthropocentric, it complements and overlaps with ecocriticism. Firstly, ecocriticism highlights the role of humans as colonizers of nature and likens the exploitation of natural resources, land and animals to that of conquered nations. However, it is not only the perception of humans as the colonizer and nature as the colonized which links those two disciplines. Through mutual exchange of concerns, ideas and methods, ecocriticism, interested mostly in environmental devastation, decided to search for its political and colonial sources. Postcolonial studies, on the other hand, gained interest in ecological aspects and consequences of colonization. As a result of this exchange, emerged postcolonial ecocriticism or green postcolonialism described by Ursula K. Heise (2010, 252) as discipline which “asks fundamental questions about conflicts and confluences between concerns over social inequality, uneven development, and environmental deterioration”. As further explained by Heise (2010, 252),
Ecocritics have come to emphasize that environmental problems cannot be solved without addressing...
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