Social Capital, Integration, Institutions and Care
Edited By Krystyna Slany, Magdalena Slusarczyk, Paula Pustulka and Eugene Guribye
This book provides timely insights into the lives of Polish migrants who have been settling in Norway with their partners and children, especially over the last decade. It brings together Polish and Norwegian scholars who shed light on the key areas of migrant family practices in the transnational space. The contributors critically assess social capital of those living mobile lives, discuss the role of institutions, as well as engage with the broad problematics of caring – both with regard to migrant children raised in Norway, and the elderly kin members left behind in Poland. Further, the authors tackle the question of the possibilities and constrains of integration, pointing to several areas of policy implications of transnationalism for both Poland and Norway.
Magdalena Żadkowska, Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka & Oleksandr Ryndyk: Two worlds of fatherhood – comparing the use of parental leave among Polish fathers in Poland and in Norway
Magdalena Żadkowska, Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka & Oleksandr Ryndyk
Two worlds of fatherhood – comparing the use of parental leave among Polish fathers in Poland and in Norway
Abstract: Participation of men in the domestic sphere still remains low compared to that of women as patterns of men and women’s share of work and family obligations in most European countries still reinforce the traditional division of gender roles. Nevertheless, the extent to which division of labour between women and men is maintained depends on the level of gender equality in a given country. In our two studies, we analyse what happens to men, their attitudes to and practices of fatherhood when they migrate from a less-gender egalitarian (Poland) to a more-gender egalitarian country (Norway). We have conducted 245 in-depth interviews (both joint and individual) with 63 couples living in two regions (Rogaland and Pomerania). Our overall results indicate that certain factors either facilitate or hinder a higher engagement in childcare among fathers. In Study 1, conducted within a sample of highly educated Polish migrants coming from urban locations in Poland, it was shown that such fathers desire a dual-career model in their marriages. In contrast, a comparable sample of fathers in Poland did not of approve gender-egalitarian practices within their relationships. In Study 2, Polish fathers in Norway declared that their family life improved greatly after migration from Poland to Norway. Their greater involvement in household duties and childcare in Norway are supported by working environments and social system....
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