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Norm and Anomaly in Language, Literature, and Culture

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Edited By Jarosław Wiliński and Joanna Stolarek

This book explores norm and anomaly in various contemporary Anglophone linguistic, didactic, literary and cultural studies. The authors provide an international forum for the discussion and exchange of ideas. They analyze, among others, humour in comics and sitcom discourse, riddles and their linguistic properties, idiomaticity in language teaching. They also set their focus on issues like the uses of antipassive-like and extraposed constructions, as well as problems related to order and chaos, expression and repression, autonomy and oppression, harmony and discord in modern and contemporary British and US literature and culture.

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Normal and Anomalous Occurrences of Adjectives in Extraposed Constructions with To-Infinitive Clauses: A Quantitative Corpus-Based Study (Jarosław Wiliński)

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Jarosław Wiliński

Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Poland e-mail: jarwili@poczta.onet.pl

Normal and Anomalous Occurrences of Adjectives in Extraposed Constructions with To-Infinitive Clauses: A Quantitative Corpus-Based Study

Abstract: This paper adopts the terminology of Construction Grammar (Goldberg 2006), Frame Semantics (Fillmore 1982), and a quantitative corpus-based method tailored for measuring the mutual associations between lexemes and constructions. The method, referred to as the attraction-reliance measure (Schmidt 2000; Schmid & Küchenhoff 2013), is used to gauge the reciprocal interaction between an adjective and the extraposed construction with to-infinitive clauses in American academic discourse: in other words, to determine normal and anomalous occurrences of adjectives in the it is ADJ to V-construction. The results of this study reveal that some adjectives are more strongly attracted to this construction than others, and that the occurrence of certain adjectives in this construction is more significant than their use in other types of extraposed patterns occurring with these adjectives. Moreover, the findings seem to suggest that the reciprocal association between adjectives and the construction can be determined by frame-semantic knowledge.

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