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The Freedom of Lights: Edmond Jabès and Jewish Philosophy of Modernity

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Przemyslaw Tacik

Edmond Jabès was one of the most intriguing Jewish thinkers of the 20th century – a poet for the public and a Kabbalist for those who read his work more closely. This book turns his writings into a ground-breaking philosophical achievement: thinking which is manifestly indebted to the Kabbalah, but in the post-religious and post-Shoah world. Loss, exile, negativity, God’s absence, writing and Jewishness are the main signposts of the negative ontology which this book offers as an interpretation of Jabès’ work. On the basis of it, the book examines the nature of the miraculous encounter between Judaism and philosophy which occurred in the 20th century. Modern Jewish philosophy is a re-constructed tradition which adapts the intellectual and spiritual legacy of Judaism to answer purely modern questions.

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References

References

I. Primary Literature

I A. Edmond Jabès’ Poetry

“L’attente.” Europe, 954, Octobre 2008. [A];

Je bâtis ma demeure. Poèmes 19431957. Paris: Gallimard, 1959. [JBMD]

Le Seuil Le Sable. Poésies complètes 19431988. Paris: Gallimard, 1990. [LSLS]

I B. Edmond Jabès’ Prose

Le Livre des Questions

The Book of Questions. Volume I: The Book of Questions; The Book of Yukel; Return to the Book, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1991. [BQ I]

The Book of Questions. Volume II: Yaël; Elya; Aely; El, or the Last Book, trans Rosmarie Waldrop. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1991. [BQ II]

Le Livre des Ressemblances

Le Livre des Ressemblances. Paris: Gallimard, 1976. [LR I]

The Book of Resemblances. 2: Intimations The Desert, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press, 1991. [BR II]

The Book of Resemblances. 3: The Ineffaceable The Unperceived, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press, 1991. [BR III]

Le Livre des Limites

Le Parcours. Paris: Gallimard, 1985. [P];

The Book of Shares, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Chicago, IL and London: University of Chicago Press, 1989. [BS]

The Book of Dialogue, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1991. [BD]

The Little Book of Unsuspected Subversion, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996. [BUS]

Le Livre de l’Hospitalité. Paris: Gallimard, 1991. [LH]

The Book of Margins, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Chicago, IL and London: Chicago University Press, 1993. [BM]

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The Foreigner Carrying in the Crook of His Arm a Tiny Book, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press, 1993. [F];

“From The Book of Resemblances.” Studies in 20th Century Literature, 12/1, Special Issue on Edmond Jabès, 1987. pp. 13–25.

From the Book to the Book: An Edmond Jabès Reader, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press, 1991.

I C. Edmond Jabès’ Articles

“Enlarging the Horizon of the Word”, trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. In Eric Gould (Ed.), The Sin of the Book: Edmond Jabès, Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. pp. 32–7. [EHW]

“Le plus haut défi.” Change, 22, février 1975. [PHD]

“Qu’est-ce qu’un livre sacré?” In Adélie Rassial and Jean-Jacques Rassial (Eds.), L’Interdit de la représentation. Colloque de Montpellier 1981. Paris: Seuil, 1984. pp [QQLS]

“The Question of Displacement into the Lawfulness of the Book,” trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. In Eric Gould (Ed.), The Sin of the Book: Edmond Jabès. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. pp. 227–44. [QDLB]

“There is such a thing as Jewish writing…,” trans. Rosmarie Waldrop. In Eric Gould (Ed.), The Sin of the Book: Edmond Jabès. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. pp. 26–31. [JW]

I D. Interviews with Edmond Jabès

Auster, Paul. “Interview with Edmond Jabès.” In Eric Gould (Ed.), The Sin of the Book: Edmond Jabès. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. pp. 3–25. [IEJ]

“Dialogue avec Edmond Jabès.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989. [DEJ]

From the Désert to the Book: Dialogues with Marcel Cohen, trans. Peter Joris. Barrytown, NY: Station Hill Press, 1992. [DB]

Saint Cheron, Philippe de. “Entretien avec Edmond Jabès.”La Nouvelle Revue Française, 464, septembre 1991. [EEJ]

Taylor, Benjamin. “The Question of Jewishness and The Question of Writing: An Exchange with Edmond Jabès.” The Threepenny Review, 21, Spring 1985. pp. 16–8. [QJQW]

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II. Secondary Literature on Edmond Jabès

Alcalay, Ammiel. “Désert Solitaire: On Edmond Jabès.” In Ammiel Alcalay (Ed.), Memories of Our Future: Selected Essays 1982–1999. San Francisco: City Light Books, 1999. pp. 55–9.

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Amir, Eshel. “Cosmopolitanism and Searching for the Sacred Space in Jewish Literature.” Jewish Social Studies, 9/3, Spring/Summer 2003.

Anidjar, Gil. “Literary History and Hebrew Modernity.” Comparative Literature Studies, 42/2, 2005. pp. 277–96.

Auclair, Georges. “Convergences?” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Auclair, Georges. “Déchanger.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989.

Barsacq, Stéphane. “Dans la double dépendance du nom.” Europe, 954, Octobre 2008. pp. 276–9.

Baumgarten, Jean. “Trois contes de Rabbi Nahman de Bratslaw.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Bavčar, Evgen. “Mots pour Jabès.” Change, 22, février 1975.

Benedetti, Riccardo de. “Dans l’incondition de l’écriture: Jabès et Blanchot.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989. pp. 171–80.

Benhamou, Maurice. “maintenant que quelqu’un vienne.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès, Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Bilen, Max. “Edmond Jabès: du déchirement à l’unité.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989. pp. 253–70.

Blanchot, Maurice. “Edmond Jabès’ Book of Questions,” European Judaism: A Journal for the New Europe, 6/2, Summer 1972, pp. 34–7.

Blanchot, Maurice. “Interruptions,” trans. Rosmarie Waldrop and Paul Auster. In Eric Gould (Ed.), The Sin of the Book: Edmond Jabès. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. pp. 43–54.

Bounoure, Gabriel. Edmond Jabès. La demeure et le livre. Montpellier: Fata Morgana, 1984.

Boyer, Philippe. “Point d’amure,” SubStance, 2/5–6, Winter 1972– Spring 1973.

Boyle, Peter, Museum of space. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 2004.

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Brandt, Joan. Geopoetics: The Politics of Mimesis in Poststructuralist French Poetry and Theory. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Brown, Llewellyn. “Le rythme et le chiffre: Le Livre des questions d’Edmond Jabès.” Littérature, 103/3, 1996. pp. 52–62.

Brown, Llewellyn. “Les métamorphoses du point: • (El, ou le dernier livre) d’Edmond Jabès.” Littératures, 38, 1998. pp. 145–55.

Cahen, Didier. Edmond Jabès. Paris: Éditions Pierre Belfond, 1991.

Cahen, Didier. “En marge de la déliverance.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

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Cahen, Didier. “Le corps nomade.” Change, 22, février 1975.

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Cahen, Didier. “Simplicite de Jabès. Entretien,” Europe, 954, Octobre 2008.

Caws, Mary Ann. Edmond Jabès, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1988.

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Caws, Mary Ann. “Signe et encadrement: Edmond Jabès ou Le Livre en Question (I).” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982. pp. 291–3.

Chalier, Agnès. “Le chant de l’absence.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Chalier, Agnès. “Le désert jabèsien et la notion de vide dans la philosophie classique chinoise.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989.

Chaouat, Bruno. “Forty Years of Suffering.” L’esprit créateur, 45/3, Fall 2005. pp. 49–62.

Cohen, Josh. “Désertions: Paul Auster, Edmond Jabès, and the Writing of Auschwitz.” The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association, 33/3 and 34/1, Autumn 2000 – Winter 2001. pp. 95–102.

Cohen, Josh. “To Preserve the Question.” In Interrupting Auschwitz: Art, Religion, Philosophy. London and New York: Continuum, 2005.

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Cohen, Marcel. “A propos de Sara et de Yukel.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989. pp. 253–62.

Cohen, Marcel. “Anamnezy,” trans. Adam Wodnicki. In Edmond Jabès (Ed.), Aeli. Kraków: Austeria, 2006.

Cohen, Marcel. “Dix anamnèses.” Europe, no. 954, Octobre 2008.

Cohen, Marcel. “Lorsqu’une oeuvre…” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Dacan, Édith. “Le corps et l’écriture dans le Livre des Questions.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Debrauwere-Miller, Nathalie. “La ‘Conscience d’un Cri’ dans la poétique d’Edmond Jabès.” French Forum, 30/2, Spring 2005. pp. 97–119.

Debrauwere-Miller, Nathalie. “Tree of Consciousness: The Shekhinah in Edmond Jabès’ Yael.” Literature & Theology, 17/4, December 2003. pp. 388–406.

Del Nevo, Matthew. “Edmond Jabès and Kabbalism after God?” Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 65/2, 1997. pp. 403–42.

Del Nevo, Matthew. “Edmond Jabès and the Question of Death.” In Tod Linafelt (Ed.), Strange Fire. Reading the Bible after the Holocaust. New York: New York University Press, 2000. pp. 121–34.

Del Nevo, Matthew. “Edmond Jabès and the Question of the Book.” Literature & Theology, 10/4, December 1996. pp. 301–6.

Derrida, Jacques. “Edmond Jabès (1912–1991): Letter to Didier Cahen,” trans. Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael Naas. In Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael Naas (Eds.), The Work of Mourning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. pp. 119–25.

Derrida, Jacques. “Edmond Jabès and the Question of the Book,” trans. Alan Bass. In Writing and Difference, London and New York: Routledge, 2005. pp. 77–96.

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Duncan, Robert. “The Delirium of Meaning.” In Eric Gould (Ed.), The Sin of the Book: Edmond Jabès. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. pp. 207–26.

Duportail, Guy-Felix. “Le degré 451 de l’écriture.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Erbertz, Carola. Zur Poetik des Buches bei Edmond Jabès: exiliertes Schreiben im Zeichen von Auschwitz. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag, 2000.

Fernandez- Zoïla, Adolfo. “Écriture en-temps et dialogue dans le livre, selon Edmond Jabès.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire ←381 | 382→le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989.

Fernandez- Zoïla, Adolfo. “Edmond Jabès et les structures éclatées.” Change, no. 22, février 1975.

Fernandez- Zoïla, Adolfo. Le Livre, recherche autre d’Edmond Jabès. Paris: Jean-Michel Place Editeur, 1978.

Fernandez- Zoïla, Adolfo. “Le neutre en devenir chez Edmond Jabès.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

Folin, Alberto. “La figure du silence dans l’imaginaire moderne: Leopardi et Jabès.” In Richard Stamelman and Mary Ann Caws (Eds.), Écrire le livre autour d’Edmond Jabès. Colloque de Cerisy. Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989. pp. 147–56.

Franke, William. “Edmond Jabès, or the Endless Self-Emptying of Language in the Name of God.” Literature & Theology, 22/1, March 2008. pp. 102–17.

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Frémon, Jean, “Ainsi toujours désignant ce qui manqué.” Les Cahiers Obsidiane, no. 5 – Edmond Jabès. Paris: Capitales/Obsidiane, 1982.

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