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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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The European Union’s Black Sea Policy and Regionalism (Füsun Özerdem)

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Füsun Özerdem1 The European Union’s Black Sea Policy and Regionalism Introduction The Black Sea region is one of the world’s most complex and heterogeneous re- gions. The region covers many different countries in terms of size, political and economic level of development, military potential and geographical concerns as well as cultural, social and religious traditions. Some of these countries are former communist system countries and they have gone through a very complex history and identification process. Moreover, the regional conflicts that have not been solved yet, accumulated tension and hostility separate these countries from each other rather than bring them together (Pavliuk, 2014). The modern history of the region bears witness to the sustained tension between Greece and Turkey over Cyprus; the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan about Nagorno-Karabakh; armed conflicts in Moldova-Transnistria and Russian war in Chechnya. These conflicts have prevented the development of regional relations, foreign trade and economic cooperation in the region (Pavliuk, 2014). For many years, the southern and northern shores of the Black Sea have been separated from each other. Discrimination of the west and east has been the main line of the events and developments and the politics of the Black Sea have been contingent upon the competitiveness of superpowers. The Black Sea has func- tioned as a border but rather been an integral part of pan-European politics as it was destitute of any compound function. Since the end of the Cold War, it has been possible now to considerthe Black Sea with...

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