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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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Contributions of Organic Agriculture to the Turkish Economy (Tuğçe Kiziltuğ / Halil Fidan)

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Tuğçe Kiziltuğ1 and Halil Fidan2 Contributions of Organic Agriculture to the Turkish Economy Introduction Organic agriculture is an alternative cultivation system that is environmentally friendly and forbids synthetic chemical agricultural drugs, hormones and syn- thetic mineral fertilizers. It suggests eco-friendly techniques like organic and green fertilization, soil alternation, increasing the resistance of plants, utilization of natural struggle ways in a closed system which aims to increase not only the amount but also the quality of the products (ITO, 2006). Organic agriculture started in Turkey as contract productions to meet the de- mands of developed countries. The production started in a narrow product range and it has increased year by year because of increasing demands from developed countries and having no trouble in marketing. This increasing demand encour- aged producers to move into this sector. After all, Turkey’s organic agricultural products found a place in the international markets. While the organic production area in Turkey was 89,827 ha in 2002, it has increased by 9.5 times and reached 842,216 ha in 2014. The production area of Turkey consists of 33.82% in East Anatolia, 28.18% in the Aegean, 17.78% in the Mediterranean, 14.79% in the Black Sea, 2.58% in South East Anatolia, 2.12% in Central Anatolia and 0.72% in Marmara. Between 2002 and 2014, the amount of organic production increased by 5.3 times from 310,125 to 1,642,235 tons a year. The most productive region in Turkey is East Anatolia (60%). Especially Van and Erzurum are...

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