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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.


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Farmers’ Approaches in the Integration of Cooperatives and Ecotourism (Çağdaş İnan / Harun Hurma)


Çağdaş İnan1 and Harun Hurma2 Farmers’ Approaches in the Integration of Cooperatives and Ecotourism Introduction Today, gradually increasing environmental problems increase the importance of the sustainable use of natural resources. In this regard, ecotourism comes to the forefront, aiming at protecting nature among other types of tourism. Ecotourism differs from 3S tourism (sea, sun, sand) which is called mass tourism. Ecotourism as a tourism movement is defined as a type of tourism for relatively undisturbed areas, promotes the economic welfare of the rural residents and pollutes natural resources at a minimum. Ecotourism having focused on the benefits of rural people is a type of tourism most sensitive for nature. Ecotourism has generally occurred in rural regions and relatively unspoiled areas as an alternative to the mass tourism in recent years. Ecotourism has many advantages from the point of tourists’ view such as environ- mental conservation, eliminating stress with different activities, and integration with rural people. Unlike the mass tourism, these activities may provide additional income for rural people and also increase the prestige of rural life from the point of view of the city-dweller. Cooperatives are non-profit organizations promoting the benefits of members, based on voluntary participation. Cooperatives are organizations that are owned by their members and they are not associations of the local people. Farmers can easily perform their joint activities by means of their cooperative compared to the activities performed individually. Cooperatives can be organized as a single-pur- pose or multi-purpose regarding their activities. The activities of...

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