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Rechtliche Funktionsbedingungen von Märkten und Formen der Konfliktbeilegung in China und Europa

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Edited By Jochen Glöckner, Reinhard Singer, Astrid Stadler and Xujun Gao

Die Beiträge in diesem Sammelband befassen sich mit den rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen für Wettbewerb und Markt in China und Europa. Dies umfasst die gesellschafts-, arbeits- und wettbewerbs- bzw. kartellrechtlichen Bedingungen, das Wirtschaftsstrafrecht sowie die Ausgestaltung des Rechts des geistigen Eigentums sowie des Verbraucherschutzes. In- und ausländische Marktteilnehmer müssen sich dabei nicht nur auf stabile rechtliche Verhältnisse verlassen können, sondern haben größtes Interesse an einem funktionierenden und verlässlichen Gerichtssystem bzw. außergerichtlichen Mechanismen der Konflikt- und Streitbeilegung. Die Beiträge analysieren Unterschiede und Entwicklungstendenzen in rechtsvergleichender Perspektive.

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Codes of Conduct and Criminal Law (Hans Theile)

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Hans Theile

Codes of Conduct and Criminal Law

Abstract: This article refers to the limitations of criminal law regarding its application for companies. It analyses the requirement of company guidelines and self-regulation as part a complementary part of the system. The author explains the advantages and disadvantages of company guidelines, like the possibility of reducing commitments of crime by its employees or, the risk of “over-obligatory” self-regulation by the corporation. He concludes that guidelines cannot substitute criminal law, but concretise it.

I. Introduction

A central feature of criminal compliance is given by codes of conduct which constitute a system of basic rules in order to establish a corporate policy that is governed not only by economic, but also by legal requirements. Although these codes often exceed this intention by referring to moral and ethical values, the alignment to criminal law standards is of special interest. These standards are enforced by reference to criminal law or by applying the consequent prohibitions and demands to the specific risk situation of the corporation. In many cases the guidelines do not exhaust within mere behaviour policy guidelines, but are supplemented by intra-corporately institutionalised inspection measures.

However, the orientation towards prohibitions and demands of criminal law by corporations and their employees, in addition to cost-intensive accompanying measures to ensure this focus, is by no means self-evident.

In this respect compliance cannot be discounted as “platitude”,1 because irrespective of the...

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