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Rethinking Orient

In Search of Sources and Inspirations

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Edited By Adam Bednarczyk, Magdalena Kubarek and Maciej Szatkowski

The contributions in this book address a vast variety of questions concerning the sources and mutual inspirations in Oriental and European literatures. The authors discuss selected texts from both historical and synchronic perspectives. They reveal and scrutinise the sedimented layers in their search for the original as well as for the repetitive and universal. The book revolves around the creative reception of one’s own cultural heritage and of works which originated in other cultures.

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The Early Ideas of Arab Scholars about Philological Science in the Ṭabaqāt aš-Šuabaqāt aš-Šu‘arāarā’ of Muḥammad b. Sallām al-Ǧumaḥī (Arzu Sadykhova)

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Arzu Sadykhova

Adam Mickiewicz University Poland

The Early Ideas of Arab Scholars about Philological Science in the Ṭabaqāt aš-Šuʻarāʼ of Muḥammad b. Sallām al-Ǧumaḥī

Abstract: The Ṭabaqāt aš-šuʻarāʼ (Classes of Poets) of Muḥammad b. Sallām al-Ǧumaḥī (139/756 and died at Baghdad in 231/845 or 232/846–847) is the only preserved treatise and nowadays it is one of the earliest literary anthologies in the history of Arabic literature, which has survived to the present day. The first edition of this book was published in 1916 in Leiden by Joseph Hell under the title Ṭabaqāt aš-šuʻarāʼ (with an introduction in German); later, in 1952, in Cairo, Maḥmūd Shākir published a very good critical edition with another title of Ṭabaqāt fuḥūl aš-šuʻarāʼ (Classes of Champion Poets). Al-Ǧumaḥī belonged to the Baṣra school of Arabic philology, so probably his own opinion expressed in the book presents most accurately the ideas and knowledge of Baṣra’s scholars of the early of the 9th century about philological science, especially literary criticism; it is also possible to conclude that the author’s literary taste, which can be seen through his selection of poets and their verses, was typical for the scholars of Baṣra at that time. The paper examines this earliest preserved attempt to invent, develop and classify the theoretical...

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