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Innovation, Complexity and Policy

Contributions from 30 years of innovation policy research in Austria

Edited By Matthias Weber

This book brings together a set of contributions that show the breadth and depth of the scientific work of Josef Fröhlich and his influence on Austrian research, technology and innovation (RTI) policy. It is edited in honour of the occasion of his retirement as Head of Innovation Systems Department at the AIT Austrian Institute of Technology. The contributors provide an overview of important issues of debate at the intersection of innovation studies and government policy, which have been pivotal for the modernisation and consolidation of the Austrian innovation system since the early 1990s.

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Identifying research fronts: A science mapping exercise for security research (Edgar Schiebel)

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Edgar Schiebel

Identifying research fronts: A science mapping exercise for security research

Abstract: Bibliometric models of science dynamics cover several dimensions of a complex system: the history of the knowledge producing system, the current emergence of knowledge and interaction of actors in co-author networks. The AIT-Software BibTechMon is a tool to fulfil such tasks with a science mapping approach. We introduce the reduction in science maps coming from relevant publications and apply the idea in the case of security research.

1 Introduction and methodology

In the last two decades, security issues in technology, economy, and society have become more and more important. The European Union is faced with new and changing opportunities and threats. In today’s global society, risks and vulnerabilities are more diverse and less visible because political, social and technological developments have created a fluid security environment. The current global crisis regarding the refugee flows reflects several security challenges: politics, food security, etc. Already 10 years ago – without losing actuality – the European Commission (2007) reported to the European Parliament and the Council about the need to protect our critical infrastructure like roads, railways, bridges, information and communication infrastructures and power stations. In this chapter, current research fronts in security relevant issues are investigated with a focus on critical technologies and so-called soft issues like international security, food safety, information, communication technology and others.1 Relevant research fronts are mapped with the help of a bibliographic coupling approach.←123 | 124→

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