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Human Trafficking as a Quintessence of 21st Century Slavery

The Vulnerability of Nigerians in Austria

Chigozie DDr. Nnebedum

This book is a contribution towards a better understanding of the nature of the international crime of human trafficking. It is an impulse towards finding a new way at the international levels, and encouraging cooperation among nations in the fight against human trafficking and its root causes. The author analyzes human trafficking, which can be termed as «modern-day slavery» and in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons. A majority of the victims, especially women, end up in the sex industries. In most cases people are transported from the so-called underdeveloped to supposedly developed regions. As a result, women and girls are smuggled yearly from underdeveloped countries, for example Nigeria, to Europe and America.

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1 General Introduction and Concept of the Work

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1.1 Statement of Problem

Human trafficking can be termed ‘a modern day slavery’ which in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons or, in some cases, of some businesses (Aronowitz 2001, p. 172). As contrasted with the old slavery method where the victims are taken against their wish, either through kidnapping or forceful abduction, human trafficking involves a recruiting method that is based on false promises and deceit. The victims of human trafficking are caught up in the modern day migration web because, as Louise Shelley puts it, “…all too often those who pay smugglers become victims of trafficking along the way or on arrival.” (Shelley 2010, p. 4). People migrate constantly for different purposes. Most victims of human trafficking migrate to escape from threats to their existence which are considered in this work as factors that render them vulnerable to human traffickers (see chapter 3). On the other hand, some are forced to migrate as a result of prejudice to their gender. As they migrate, they use all available means to transport themselves, and to stay in their destination countries, they battle all sorts of obstacles which sometimes render them vulnerable to human traffickers (Shelley 2010; Huland 2012). Human Trafficking is not a new phenomenon but rather a problem which makes one ask whether we are living in the 21st century or not. The United Nations High Commissioner for...

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