Show Less
Restricted access

Human Trafficking as a Quintessence of 21st Century Slavery

The Vulnerability of Nigerians in Austria

Chigozie DDr. Nnebedum

This book is a contribution towards a better understanding of the nature of the international crime of human trafficking. It is an impulse towards finding a new way at the international levels, and encouraging cooperation among nations in the fight against human trafficking and its root causes. The author analyzes human trafficking, which can be termed as «modern-day slavery» and in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons. A majority of the victims, especially women, end up in the sex industries. In most cases people are transported from the so-called underdeveloped to supposedly developed regions. As a result, women and girls are smuggled yearly from underdeveloped countries, for example Nigeria, to Europe and America.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

2 Understanding Human Trafficking and Its Obscurity


2.1 Human Trafficking: A New Slavery in the Contemporary Century – Short Historical Perspective

In discussing the origin or emergence of human trafficking there is the need to underline the fact that human trafficking is different from prostitution. While trafficking in human beings involves prostitution, prostitution does not necessarily mean human trafficking. The subject of human trafficking as we have it today crystallised in such a form because of the abolition of slave trade which began in the 18th Century (Huland 2012). The drafting of the Universal Human Rights led to the abolition of slavery with Germany and Saudi Arabia prohibiting slavery in 1948 and 1962 respectively (Huland 2012, p. 65).21 The old form of slavery was abolished and the new form of it, which is human trafficking, started.

There were traces of slavery in the ancient times and there were many other reasons why people leave their lands en masse for other places (Neumayer 2009, online version). In the Bronze and Iron eras there were migrations that were sometimes forced and sometimes not forced. In the classical times many were driven away from their lands because of their beliefs or culture (Neumayer 2009, online version). The prosperity of many Empires in the early times like Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek and Roman Empires initiated the idea of pulling labourers forcefully to handle their needed manual labour in those days (Schmidt 2013, online version). In effect forceful and voluntary movement of people away from their homes...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.