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Learning Scenarios for Social and Cultural Change

«Bildung» through Academic Teaching

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Edited By Lara Rodríguez Sieweke

The anthology departs from the fundamental idea that the university is deeply connected to the ideal of «Bildung» and to democratic values. If the university should serve as an open space to develop democracy and to meet today’s social, cultural and ecological challenges, then one has to take into account the different disciplines’ approaches to education. Thus, the featured proposals on school and university education come from diverse research fields such as general education, media education, art and aesthetic education, philosophy, ethnology, sociology, performance art and gender.

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Cultural, Ethnic and Gender Diversity in the School Playground (Stela Maris Ferrarese Capettini)

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Stela Maris Ferrarese Capettini1

Cultural, Ethnic and Gender Diversity in the School Playground2

Abstract: In the primary school, the playground is a social space in which different ethnic3, national4 and gender identities converge. Reality is not static but dynamic, developing with the interaction of the participants, who in this investigation are girls and boys of different cultural backgrounds in the context of school breaks. According to Hegel (1966), the entirety of that which is observed is the truth constituted by each unity. In our investigation, that entirety is constituted by the unities of game, culture and gender, in the social context of class breaks. These unities assist in answering our questions. School is created by society, which also gives the space for playing games a social connotation that accordingly reflects societal behaviors. Class breaks are a part of relational life, where each participant brings the reality that she or he experiences outside the school playgrounds; therefore, when doing our research, we also take into account the social problems that exist beyond this space. We have focused on the games played by girls and boys aged 5 and 9 years old, also observing their interaction with each other and comparing their relationships to each other in kindergarten with their relationships to each other in primary school. The settings for this research are several public primary schools in Neuquén, Argentina. We have analyzed the reasons that create differences in human relations and the...

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