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Climate Change in Africa

Social and Political Impacts, Conflicts, and Strategies

Edited By Bettina Engels and Kristina Dietz

This volume deals with the consequences of climate change and issues of international climate policy relating to Africa from a social science perspective. The contributions by international authors question dominant political approaches and key concepts of the climate debate. They explain how the effects of climate change are linked to existing social, economic and political-institutional structures and action by the State. The authors show how social movements in Africa shape climate policy «from below». The volume serves as an introduction into climate change in Africa. It wants to stimulate a critical debate on dominant strategies and points out that there can be no simple answers to the complex socio-ecological and political challenges linked to climate change in Africa.

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Marriage migrations and distributive justice of morals and environmental resources in northwestern Benin (Papa Sow)

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Papa Sow

Marriage migrations and distributive justice of morals and environmental resources in northwestern Benin

Introduction

The issue of marriage migrations and their historical relations with the environment in West Africa has so far generated limited interest (Marcoux/Antoine 2014) in the world of social science research. In Asia (in northern Pakistan and China), interesting studies on marriage migrations which are sometimes closely related to environment have been undertaken (Barth 1981; Cindy Fan/ Ling Li 2002). In the Republic of Benin, apart few localized studies (Kiansi 1993; Ouambo 1997; Botchi Morel 2007; Sahgui 2008; Grätz 2011; Kouagou 2012) which have some links with the issue of sustainable development (but also with rites, initiation and the question of fidelity), the problematic of marriage and environment does not appear in the general research. Yet it is a question that arouses a major interest because it shows how social demands fit in time and space. The increase in environmental change and climate variability has influenced the marriage migrations in certain situations although they allowed a clear desire to access the resources already available. The link between climate variability and marriage migrations can help to understand the production capacities of available resources (fertile land; pressure on land) and the extra-agricultural adaptive strategies for environmental change. Migrations are results of factors that combine social and economic demands. Land grabbing and competition over resources therefore have an impact on the environment. The analysis of these linkages aroused by such an...

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