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Arbeitsmarktentwicklung und -regulierung

Zwischen Fachkräftemangel und Migration

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Edited By Stefan Kolev, Bernhard Seliger, Jüri Sepp and Ralph Michael Wrobel

Der Arbeitsmarkt stellt traditionell in vielen marktwirtschaftlich organisierten Gesellschaften einen Ausnahmebereich dar. Dabei darf nicht vergessen werden, dass es sich auch beim Arbeitsmarkt um einen Markt handelt, bei dem die Preisbildung durch Angebot und Nachfrage zustande kommt. Derzeit sind Fachkräftemangel und Migration die zentralen Themen.

Die Beiträge diskutieren die Interdependenz dieser beiden Entwicklungen sowohl aus volkswirtschaftlicher als auch aus betriebswirtschaftlicher Perspektive. Zusätzlich untersuchen sie sektorale Arbeitsmärkte in Europa sowie internationale Entwicklungen, sowohl im Hinblick auf die marktlichen Aspekte als auch auf die staatliche Regulierung. Damit bietet der Band einen vielseitigen Überblick über die derzeit meistdiskutierten Themen der Arbeitsmarktentwicklung.

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Individualism and Demographic Change (Stefan Kolev)

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Stefan Kolev

Individualism and Demographic Change

1.   Introduction

One of the omnipresent issues in the discourse of Western societies today is the transformation of their demographic structure. Although the trend and potential impact of these processes have been discernible at least since the 1970s (Biedenkopf / Miegel 1978, Miegel 1981), political debates have particularly intensified over the last years. Major reasons for this intensification lie in the recent debates on immigration which engage the public attention in Europe and America as seldom before. Since these debates have pronounced specificities in the individual countries due to a different speed of the ageing process, different post-colonial histories, as well as variations in the relative weights of political parties, the following analysis will primarily focus on developments in Germany (Seitz / Werding 2008), but parts of the analysis are tentatively applicable to other Western societies.

One of the striking characteristics of the German literature on demographic change has been, especially most recently, its polarization. Recurrent topoi are often doom, decline and debacle, with several authors of the “Dr. Doom” type, the most prominent being best-seller author Thilo Sarrazin (Sarrazin 2010) – in stark contrast to authors like Thomas Straubhaar who take demographic challenges very seriously but warn that apocalyptic scenarios and rhetoric can hardly help society in coping with these challenges (Straubhaar 2016). While the current paper is in line with authors like Straubhaar, it attempts a different take. It abstains from...

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