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The Axiological Memory

Nicolae Râmbu

This book represents an attempt to explain the manner in which values are attached to memory. The author examines that when the fundamental values of a civilisation are attached to the individual’s memory, they can never be forgotten or erased, irrespective of how violent or subtle the means used for this purpose might be. The essay investigates why some people who have been educated in a foreign culture and who are, well-integrated, suddenly return to the fundamental values of their culture of origin and, in some cases, they violently turn against their foster civilization.

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6 The constitution of a state as a method of building the axiological memory


6 The constitution of a state as a method of building the axiological memory

The thesis that I support in this essay is formulated even from its title: The constitution of a state is, among other things, a method of instilling, not only in the individual but also in the collective consciousness, a set of values specific to a nation in a particular historical context. If we compare the various constitutions that marked the history of a particular state, we can conclude that there are two main aspects of major interest for the topic of this essay: firstly, no matter how different the constitutions of a state might be that naturally reflect a certain historical period, there are at least a few values that are common to these constitutions; secondly, any new constitution comprises new values that are to be accomplished in the future. These new values shape, sometimes in a gradual manner and other times in a sudden, violent and dramatic manner, the new axiological consciousness of a nation.

1 The “constitutional” table of values

Max Scheler, in his essay Die Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos, formulated an interesting thesis about the helplessness of the spirit. This was developed by a series of philosophers of values, borrowing new forms but its essence remained the same: the individual’s spirit and that of the community in itself cannot accomplish anything. Its power has to come from outside, from the political, economic and military institutions. The...

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