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New Horizons in Philosophy and Sociology

Edited By Hülya Yaldir and Güncel Önkal

What is our responsibility as scholars in the Humanities and Social Sciences in the face of global issues threatening humanity today? This book provides a platform for an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural dialogue among philosophers and sociologists on the most pressing global issues facing humanity today. Combining the critical thinking of philosophy with sociological methods and researches, this volume offers fresh and stimulating perspectives with regard to various issues including environmental degradation, democracy, gender and economic inequalities, religion, war and peace.

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Islamic Perspective on Islamophobia: From Misconceptions to Reason

Extract



1 Introduction

Islamophobia has been a recurrent theme, reaching its epitome in the aftermath of the 9/11 attack, it has also been exacerbated by recent events with the rise of terror groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), who claim to speak in the name of Islam under their banner ‘Islamic Caliphate’.

Isolated incidences of terror acts in the West have ignited Islamophobic attacks against Muslims in the form of verbal abuse and hate crimes. The causes of Islamophobia and its consequences run deep throughout the history of Islam and its contact with the traditional monolithic religions: Christianity and Judaism. Numerous writers, both Muslims and non-Muslims, have endeavoured to address the phenomenon of Islamophobia. However, their contribution still lacks depth: Islamophobia is a complex phenomenon that needs an objective analysis involving not only the dispelling of misconceptions about Islam, but also a proactive approach which challenges the institutions that aim to propagate hate and divisive doctrines, such as that of a ‘clash of civilizations’. One tends to agree with Shryock (2010b, 3) who believes “without a careful assessment of contemporary geopolitics and deep historical relations between Muslim and non-Muslim societies, it is hard to understand what people are afraid of when they fear Islam”.

The contemporary academic narrative on Islamophobia fails to address the problem because it does not consider the Islamic perspective fully: the arguments are usually void of any discussion or understanding of the central...

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