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New Horizons in Philosophy and Sociology

Edited By Hülya Yaldir and Güncel Önkal

What is our responsibility as scholars in the Humanities and Social Sciences in the face of global issues threatening humanity today? This book provides a platform for an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural dialogue among philosophers and sociologists on the most pressing global issues facing humanity today. Combining the critical thinking of philosophy with sociological methods and researches, this volume offers fresh and stimulating perspectives with regard to various issues including environmental degradation, democracy, gender and economic inequalities, religion, war and peace.

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Quantum Theory is the Paradigm of Contemporary Science: The Role of Philosophy in the New Paradigm

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1 Introduction

This paper was written in reply to Mr. Hawking’s statement in his book The Grand Design, where he establishes that philosophy has become obsolete to satisfy “Humanity’s great questions” (Hawking et al., 2010; Tallis, 2013). Philosophy is not there to “satisfy”; indeed, philosophy does the most interesting-creative-splendid work: philosophy asks questions! Stating that “philosophy is dead since it hasn’t kept up with the latest developments in science, especially theoretical physics” marks a resounding failure in the construction of knowledge, which didn’t reach the critical horizon of contemporaneity. Said failure is according to the belief of considering “progress for Humanity”: (I) the accumulation of quantitative data; (II) hypertrophy of formulas; (III) findings that explain nature with the only aim of validating the scientism apparatus; (IV) deliberate absence of any ethical or moral proposals. The best scientism strategy is to nullify philosophy. Modern age has monetized knowledge, fragmented it, set some knowledge over some other, and thus, has removed imagination and intuition from problem-solving. By this way, it disregarded the human factor and collective thinking. This operation caused the flight of the innovators. It established an environment of immorality, so vicious and stressful that thinkers stopped thinking, turning the academy personnel into prisoners of power, losing the grand aim of searching for Alétheia. And Mr. Hawking states that “philosophy is dead since it hasn’t kept up with the latest developments in science, especially theoretical physics”, which would mean that philosophy is not up to “contemporary...

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