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Beiträge zum Islamischen Recht XII

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Edited By Silvia Tellenbach and Thoralf Hanstein

Der von der «Gesellschaft für Arabisches und Islamisches Recht» (GAIR) veröffentlichte Band ging aus der Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft im Oktober 2016 in Freiburg am Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Strafrecht hervor. Die Vorträge liegen nun ergänzt um zwei weitere, themenrelevante Beiträge publiziert vor. Die Artikel beschäftigen sich schwerpunktmäßig mit dem islamischen Strafrecht im Iran und in Pakistan, vor allem mit Bezug zum Religionsstrafrecht (Lästerung und Schmähung von als geheiligt geltenden Personen oder Gegenständen) und Sexualstrafrecht (Ehebruch, Homosexualität und Vergewaltigung). Hinzu kommen Untersuchungen zu Strafzwecken im schiʻitischen Strafrecht, zur Auslegung der Scharia im Islamischen Staat (IS) und zur Iranischen Rechtsanwaltskammer.

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Challenges to the Regulation of Sexuality under Iranian Criminal Law (Afrooz Maghzi Najafabadi)

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Challenges to the Regulation of Sexuality under Iranian Criminal Law

Afrooz Maghzi Najafabadi, Freiburg

Abstract

Shortly after the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the new Iranian government began to Islamize the Iranian legal system, most significantly through the adoption of the Islamic criminal laws on ḥudūd, qiṣāṣ and diyāt punishments of 1982, which had a significant impact on sexual crimes. From its introduction, the Islamic law on sexuality was challenged by legal scholars and human rights activists both in and outside of Iran, for the criminalization of consensual hetero-sexual acts outside marriage, the criminalization of adultery and homosexuality, for the discriminatory nature of its sexual crimes, as well as for the harshness of punishments including lashes and death by stoning. In the 2013 reform of the Penal Code, the Islamic Republic, for the first time, tried to respond to some of the criticism. While the reformed Penal Code largely continues to adhere to the rules and principles of the old law on sexuality, it nevertheless brought about some changes, in particular related to the punishment of adultery, homosexuality and rape. Overall, the outcome of the reform presents a mixed picture. However, it might provide important groundwork for more ambitious challenges to Islamic criminal law in the future.

I. Introduction

The Iranian revolution of 1979 not only profoundly changed the political system of Iran, but also proved to be a turning point in many respects regarding the religious, cultural, sexual...

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