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The Earth and the Land

Studies about the Value of the Land of Israel in the Old Testament and Afterwards


Edited By Hendrik J. Koorevaar and Mart-Jan Paul

In the Bible, the land of Israel is more than a piece of ground. It is a theological symbol, because it was an essential part of Israel’s practice of its relationship with God. The land is connected to a lifestyle and to the carrying out of religious acts, like the sacrifices and the celebrations. Aspects of this are the use of the land and the enactment of ecological and humanitarian obligations. In this volume, we concentrate on the religious viewpoints, especially how the promised land can be seen from the Old and New Testament perspective. Before practical conclusions are drawn, it is important to have a good overview of the subject in the entire Bible. The chosen approach is historic-canonical and implies that we use the order of Bible books from the Hebrew canon. Two additional chapters show the Jewish and Islamic viewpoints.

This book has received the Franz Delitzsch Award 2018.

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Chapter 14 Summary, Conclusions and Perspectives (Hendrik Koorevaar / Mart-Jan Paul)


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Hendrik Koorevaar and Mart-Jan Paul

Chapter 14 Summary, Conclusions and Perspectives

1. Summary of the results of the earth and the land in the book of the Old Testament

Genesis starts with the creation of the heavens and the earth by God, who is the owner of the earth because he is its creator. Because of this he has authority over man, whom he made in his image. The earth is good, man is good. Man gets a place in the garden of Eden that God planted. He has to cultivate the garden to subdue the earth and populate the entire earth, starting from the garden. He may eat from the fruits of the garden, except from the fruit of the Right and Wrong Knowledge Tree. After humanity violated God’s law, due to the temptation by the snake, the following problems emerged for man on earth:

– The exile from the garden in Eden. He lost his original place and his access to the Tree of Life.

– A difficult life, because the earth is cursed because of him.

– The perspective that humans will have to leave earth through death.

There is however in God’s verdict to the people the perspective that the seed of the woman will crush the head of the snake.

Before the flood, that Enoch, the son of Jered, is taken from the earth (without dying) is notable. After...

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