Edited By Sevinc Gülseçen, Zerrin Ayvaz Reis, Murat Gezer and Çiğdem Erol
Nowadays, an end-to-end industrial transformation called Industry 4.0 sets new goals for manufacturing and impacts on business outcomes. With some of its characteristic elements such as IoT (Internet of Things), digital twin simulation models, advanced robots, big data analytics, and virtual/augmented reality, Industry 4.0 is «de facto» going further. The book aims to provide relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the area of Management Information Systems (MIS) with the scope of Industry 4.0. The strategic role of Industry 4.0 in the distributed business environment and the necessity to protect and properly utilize its key elements at different levels of organizations as well as in society are discussed.
Design of Intelligent Direction Systems via Multi-Criteria Decision Making (Emre Karagöz / Vahap Tecim)
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Emre Karagöz* and Vahap Tecim
Design of Intelligent Direction Systems via Multi-Criteria Decision Making
Many of the evacuation situations over the past 100 years have failed due to the lack of an evacuation model. Many of the deaths that occurred were not caused by fire, explosion, poison gas or other external hazards, but rather by the crowd itself (Helbing et al., 2013). For this reason, it is crucial for the crowd to be guided in the right way. Generally, simulation-based pedestrian models can be divided into microscopic and macroscopic models according to crowd dynamics (Yang and Dong, 2015). Chi Xie (2008) described evacuation planning models as optimize-based and simulation-based models. The optimize-based model refers to the functional form of a network flow in the sense of designing the problem to investigate the best evacuation model. The simulation-based model is based on the evaluation of defined plans (Xie, 2008). Schultz (2014) points out that human movements in the dynamic models of pedestrians divide into different behavioral directions. In 2011, 120,000 full-time employees and 50,000 visitor movements were followed to explain group dynamics (Schultz, 2014). Okaya and Takahashi (2015) examined the Great East Japan Earthquake and the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. People in both events showed the same type of behavior in the same type of panic. Okaya and Takahashi categorized these behaviors in three parts. These are evacuation moments,...
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